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Capecitabine, Cetuximab, Oxaliplatin, and Bevacizumab in Treating Patients With Metastatic or Recurrent Colorectal Cancer That Cannot Be Removed By Surgery

2014-08-27 03:46:10 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as capecitabine and oxaliplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving more than one drug (combination chemotherapy) may kill more tumor cells. Monoclonal antibodies, such as cetuximab and bevacizumab, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some block the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Others find tumor cells and help kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. Cetuximab and bevacizumab may also stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking blood flow to the tumor. Giving capecitabine together with cetuximab, oxaliplatin, and bevacizumab may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well giving capecitabine together with cetuximab, oxaliplatin, and bevacizumab works in treating patients with metastatic or recurrent colorectal cancer that cannot be removed by surgery.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

- Determine the response rate in patients with unresectable metastatic or recurrent colorectal adenocarcinoma treated with capecitabine, cetuximab, oxaliplatin, and bevacizumab.

Secondary

- Determine the safety and tolerability of this regimen in these patients.

- Determine the progression-free and overall survival of patients treated with this regimen.

- Determine the effect of this regimen on the angiogenesis biomarkers in these patients.

- Determine the effect of this regimen on wound angiogenesis in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

Patients receive oral capecitabine twice daily on days 1-14. Patients will also receive cetuximab IV over 1-2 hours, oxaliplatin IV over 2 hours, and bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed for 1 month.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 45 patients will be accrued for this study.

Study Design

Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Colorectal Cancer

Intervention

bevacizumab, cetuximab, capecitabine, oxaliplatin

Location

Duke Comprehensive Cancer Center
Durham
North Carolina
United States
27710

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:46:10-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A deoxycytidine derivative and fluorouracil PRODRUG that is used as an ANTINEOPLASTIC ANTIMETABOLITE in the treatment of COLON CANCER; BREAST CANCER and GASTRIC CANCER.

Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.

Tumor suppressor genes located in the 5q21 region on the long arm of human chromosome 5. The mutation of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (MCC stands for mutated in colorectal cancer).

Tumor suppressor genes located in the 18q21-qter region of human chromosome 18. The absence of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (DCC stands for deleted in colorectal cancer). The products of these genes show significant homology to neural cell adhesion molecules and other related cell surface glycoproteins.

A group of autosomal-dominant inherited diseases in which COLON CANCER arises in discrete adenomas. Unlike FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI with hundreds of polyps, hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal neoplasms occur much later, in the fourth and fifth decades. HNPCC has been associated with germline mutations in mismatch repair (MMR) genes. It has been subdivided into Lynch syndrome I or site-specific colonic cancer, and LYNCH SYNDROME II which includes extracolonic cancer.

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