Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
The purpose of this study is to examine whether the co-administration of valproic acid (Epival®), with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) can reduce the size of HIV latent reservoirs in infected CD4 cells.
Participants must be on HAART with a suppressed viral load (< 50 copies/ml) for at least the previous 12 months. They will be randomly assigned to one of two groups, one group will start the valproic acid right away at week 1 for 16 weeks, and the other group will wait until week 17 to add valproic acid to their treatment for 32 weeks. Subjects will be followed every four weeks for one year and evaluated by a variety of assays, all carried out using well-established methods, to assess the main outcome defined by changes in HIV reservoir size measured by the mean frequency of resting CD4 memory cells carrying HIV proviral DNA.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Valproic Acid, HAART
BC St-Paul's Hospital/Immunodeficiency Clinic
Active, not recruiting
McGill University Health Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:46:10-0400
Primary objective: To study the pharmacokinetic interaction between zidovudine (AZT) and valproic acid in asymptomatic HIV-infected patients, characterizing AZT's oral bioavailability, pla...
A histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor is a class of drug that interferes with the function of HDAC, an enzyme that hides HIV within inactive CD4 cells. These drugs are normally used to tr...
RATIONALE: Valproic acid may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. It is not yet known whether valproic acid is more effective than observa...
The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of multiple doses of the UGT inhibitor valproic acid on the single-dose pharmacokinetics of BIIB074. The secondary objectives ...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as valproic acid, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Valpr...
In the study, the effect of valproic acid on serum free/acylcarnitine levels and left ventricular systolic function in pediatric patients with idiopathic epilepsy receiving valproic acid was investiga...
Although rare, symptomatic hyperammonemia is sometimes associated with valproic acid (VPA), especially in children. L-carnitine (levocarnitine), sometimes classified as an essential amino acid, is vit...
Population pharmacokinetics is an essential tool that helps guiding individualized dosing regimens. The aims of this systematic review are to provide knowledge concerning population pharmacokinetics o...
Long-term use of valproic acid and the prevalence of cancers in bipolar disorder patients in a Taiwanese population: An association analysis using the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD).
Epigenetic events play a major role in the carcinogenesis of many cancers. A retrospective cohort study had been performed to evaluate the effects of exposure to the anticonvulsant agent valproic acid...
Evaluation of the efficacy of valproic acid and suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (vorinostat) in enhancing the effects of first-line tuberculosis drugs against intracellular Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
New tuberculosis (TB) drug treatment regimens are urgently needed. We evaluated the potential of the histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDIs) valproic acid (VPA) and suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA...
A fatty acid with anticonvulsant properties used in the treatment of epilepsy. The mechanisms of its therapeutic actions are not well understood. It may act by increasing GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID levels in the brain or by altering the properties of voltage dependent sodium channels.
Inflammation of brain parenchymal tissue as a result of viral infection. Encephalitis may occur as primary or secondary manifestation of TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PARAMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; and ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS.
Viral infections of the leptomeninges and subarachnoid space. TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RUBELLA; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORBIVIRUS infections; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RHABDOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; JC VIRUS infections; and RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS may cause this form of meningitis. Clinical manifestations include fever, headache, neck pain, vomiting, PHOTOPHOBIA, and signs of meningeal irritation. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp1-3)
Infections with viruses of the family PARAMYXOVIRIDAE. This includes MORBILLIVIRUS INFECTIONS; RESPIROVIRUS INFECTIONS; PNEUMOVIRUS INFECTIONS; HENIPAVIRUS INFECTIONS; AVULAVIRUS INFECTIONS; and RUBULAVIRUS INFECTIONS.
Exuberant inflammatory response towards previously undiagnosed or incubating opportunistic pathogens. It is frequently seen in AIDS patients following HAART.
Standard antiretroviral therapy (ART) consists of the combination of at least three antiretroviral (ARV) drugs to maximally suppress the HIV virus and stop the progression of HIV disease. Huge reductions have been seen in rates of death and suffering whe...
Human Immuno Deficiency Virus (HIV)
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), the causative agent of AIDS. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus, more commonly known as HIV, is a member of the lentivirus sub-set of the retrovirus family of pathogens. It causes AIDS, or Acquired Immuno Deficiency Sy...