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Patients: clinical Stage III gastric cancer patients. Informed consent will be obtained before surgery. Eligible patients: surgical Stage II, IIIA and IIIB gastric cancer patients. Chemosensitivity test: The surgical specimen will be sent Mitsubishi BCL, Co. Ltd. to be tested by CD-DST chemosensitivity test and RT-PCR for thymidylate synthetase and dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase mRNA. The test results will be blinded for the doctors on duty.
Treatment: All the patients will be treated with S-1 at a dose of 80 mg/m2 b.i.d. for 4 weeks followed by 2 weeks rest. The treatment will be continued until the recurrence or 1 year after operation.
Primary endpoint: 3-years disease-free survival rate Secondary endpoint: 3-years overall survival rate and side effect (CTCAE v3.0) Evaluation of chemosensitivity test: The cutoff condition will be determined based on the accumulated data of CD-DST and mRNAs.
Hypothesis: The responder detected by CD-DST and/or TS, DPD mRNA will have a favorable survival outcome comparing with resistant cases.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Investigator), Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Nagoya University Hospital
Japan Clinical Cancer Research Organization
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:46:17-0400
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Evidence regarding gastric cancer patients
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That portion of the stomach remaining after gastric surgery, usually gastrectomy or gastroenterostomy for cancer of the stomach or peptic ulcer. It is a common site of cancer referred to as stump cancer or carcinoma of the gastric stump.
A proto-oncogene protein and member of the Wnt family of proteins. It is frequently up-regulated in human GASTRIC CANCER and is a tumor marker (TUMOR MARKERS, BIOLOGICAL) of gastric and COLORECTAL CANCER.
A deoxycytidine derivative and fluorouracil PRODRUG that is used as an ANTINEOPLASTIC ANTIMETABOLITE in the treatment of COLON CANCER; BREAST CANCER and GASTRIC CANCER.
Abnormal distention of the STOMACH due to accumulation of gastric contents that may reach 10 to 15 liters. Gastric dilatation may be the result of GASTRIC OUTLET OBSTRUCTION; ILEUS; GASTROPARESIS; or denervation.
Vagal denervation of that part of the STOMACH lined with acid-secreting mucosa (GASTRIC MUCOSA) containing the GASTRIC PARIETAL CELLS. Since the procedure leaves the vagal branches to the antrum and PYLORUS intact, it circumvents gastric drainage required with truncal vagotomy techniques.
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Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for the organ or type of cell in which they start - for example, cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer; cancer th...