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Patients: clinical Stage III gastric cancer patients. Informed consent will be obtained before surgery. Eligible patients: surgical Stage II, IIIA and IIIB gastric cancer patients. Chemosensitivity test: The surgical specimen will be sent Mitsubishi BCL, Co. Ltd. to be tested by CD-DST chemosensitivity test and RT-PCR for thymidylate synthetase and dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase mRNA. The test results will be blinded for the doctors on duty.
Treatment: All the patients will be treated with S-1 at a dose of 80 mg/m2 b.i.d. for 4 weeks followed by 2 weeks rest. The treatment will be continued until the recurrence or 1 year after operation.
Primary endpoint: 3-years disease-free survival rate Secondary endpoint: 3-years overall survival rate and side effect (CTCAE v3.0) Evaluation of chemosensitivity test: The cutoff condition will be determined based on the accumulated data of CD-DST and mRNAs.
Hypothesis: The responder detected by CD-DST and/or TS, DPD mRNA will have a favorable survival outcome comparing with resistant cases.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Investigator), Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Nagoya University Hospital
Japan Clinical Cancer Research Organization
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:46:17-0400
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A proto-oncogene protein and member of the Wnt family of proteins. It is frequently up-regulated in human GASTRIC CANCER and is a tumor marker (TUMOR MARKERS, BIOLOGICAL) of gastric and COLORECTAL CANCER.
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Abnormal distention of the STOMACH due to accumulation of gastric contents that may reach 10 to 15 liters. Gastric dilatation may be the result of GASTRIC OUTLET OBSTRUCTION; ILEUS; GASTROPARESIS; or denervation.
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