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Daily Vitamin K in Patients on Warfarin With Unstable INRs

2014-08-27 03:46:17 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine if daily Vitamin K supplementation stabilizes INRs in patients taking warfarin with a history of frequent dose changes or variable INRs.

Description

Consistent daily Vitamin K intake may contribute to the stabilization of INR values in patients with unstable INRs on warfarin therapy. Subjects with unstable INRs will be identified from the existing patient records of the UNC Anticoagulation Clinics. Eligible subjects will sign an informed consent form and will receive a point-of-care (POC) INR monitoring device. They will undergo 9 weeks of home INR monitoring via the POC device (with monthly clinic follow-up). They will subsequently be provided with 500 mcg Vitamin K tablets to be taken once daily. Weekly POC INR monitoring with monthly clinic follow-up will continue for an additional 8 weeks.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Anticoagulants

Intervention

Vitamin K

Location

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill
North Carolina
United States
27599

Status

Completed

Source

University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:46:17-0400

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PubMed Articles [1231 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A lipid cofactor that is required for normal blood clotting. Several forms of vitamin K have been identified: VITAMIN K 1 (phytomenadione) derived from plants, VITAMIN K 2 (menaquinone) from bacteria, and synthetic naphthoquinone provitamins, VITAMIN K 3 (menadione). Vitamin K 3 provitamins, after being alkylated in vivo, exhibit the antifibrinolytic activity of vitamin K. Green leafy vegetables, liver, cheese, butter, and egg yolk are good sources of vitamin K.

Substances found in many plants, containing the 4-hydroxycoumarin radical. They interfere with vitamin K and the blood clotting mechanism, are tightly protein-bound, inhibit mitochondrial and microsomal enzymes, and are used as oral anticoagulants.

A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN D in the diet, insufficient production of vitamin D in the skin, inadequate absorption of vitamin D from the diet, or abnormal conversion of vitamin D to its bioactive metabolites. It is manifested clinically as RICKETS in children and OSTEOMALACIA in adults. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1406)

OXIDOREDUCTASES which mediate vitamin K metabolism by converting inactive vitamin K 2,3-epoxide to active vitamin K.

A family of phylloquinones that contains a ring of 2-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinone and an isoprenoid side chain. Members of this group of vitamin K 1 have only one double bond on the proximal isoprene unit. Rich sources of vitamin K 1 include green plants, algae, and photosynthetic bacteria. Vitamin K1 has antihemorrhagic and prothrombogenic activity.

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