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Guidelines have continued to list lopinavir/ritonavir as a preferred protease inhibitor-containing regimen for HIV-infected individuals. There has recently been increasing interest in once daily therapy. While lopinavir/ritonavir has recently been approved as a once daily therapy it was associated with considerable diarrhea in those treated with soft gel capsules. It is the hope that alternative formulations of lopinavir/ritonavir may provide similar pharmacokinetics with improved tolerability. This includes the possibility of using liquid or newly released tablets. This study will treat people tolerating their current regimen with up to four weeks of each formulation with several assessments of pharmacokinetics and tolerability for each.
This study is designed to assess the tolerability of different forms (liquid, capsules or tablets) of lopinavir/ritonavir given once-daily as part of combination therapy for HIV infection. Study subjects will be those tolerating a stable regimen of HIV medications with undetectable levels of HIV in their blood. They will be assigned by chance to receive once daily liquid or soft gel capsules of lopinavir/ritonavir for up to four weeks. At that time they will receive the alternative formulation for up to four weeks. They will then be given once daily lopinavir/ritonavir in the recently released tablet formulation. After up to four weeks of each of these formulations several assessments will be made of the overall tolerability of the drug. After four weeks of tablets they will be allowed to take whatever regimen they want and will be followed for an additional 36 weeks for a total duration of study of up to 48 weeks. The pharmacokinetics of each formulation of lopinavir/ritonavir given once daily will also be assessed in a subset of study subjects.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Different formulations of once-daily lopinavir/ritonavir
Not yet recruiting
California Collaborative Treatment Group
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:46:31-0400
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An HIV protease inhibitor used in a fixed-dose combination with RITONAVIR. It is also an inhibitor of CYTOCHROME P-450 CYP3A.
An HIV protease inhibitor that works by interfering with the reproductive cycle of HIV.
Recombinant DNA vectors encoding antigens administered for the prevention or treatment of disease. The host cells take up the DNA, express the antigen, and present it to the immune system in a manner similar to that which would occur during natural infection. This induces humoral and cellular immune responses against the encoded antigens. The vector is called naked DNA because there is no need for complex formulations or delivery agents; the plasmid is injected in saline or other buffers.
Drug formulations or delivery systems intended to discourage the abuse of CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES. These may include physical barriers to prevent chewing or crushing the drug; chemical barriers that prevent extraction of psychoactive ingredients; agonist-antagonist combinations to reduce euphoria associated with abuse; aversion, where controlled substances are combined with others that will produce an unpleasant effect if the patient manipulates the dosage form or exceeds the recommended dose; delivery systems that are resistant to abuse such as implants; or combinations of these methods.
Works about types and formulations of studies used in epidemiological research.
AIDS and HIV
AIDS; Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV; Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV infection causes AIDS. HIV infection also causes the production of anti-HIV antibodies, which forms the test for HIV in patients. People who have the HIV antibodies are ...
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