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Alcohol Use Disorders in Schizophrenia

2014-08-27 03:46:32 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of the study is to evaluate a new treatment to help patients who have problems because of their use of alcohol. The treatment is called Behavioral Treatment for Alcohol Abuse in Schizophrenia (BTAAS).We are interested in determining whether BTAAS is more effective in reducing use than a supportive control treatment.

Description

Alcohol abuse and dependence in people with schizophrenia is a serious public health problem that is associated with poor treatment compliance, increased rates of relapse, increased levels of violence, and poor overall health and life functioning. Treating alcohol use disorders in people with schizophrenia is especially problematic, as schizophrenia is marked by symptoms and neurocognitive and psychosocial deficits that make it difficult for patients to engage in the higher level cognitive processes or the sustained, self-directed behaviors generally required to reduce drinking. To date there are no interventions for alcohol use disorders with solid empirical support that have been designed for or adapted to meet the needs of this multiply-handicapped population. In this study we will develop and pilot test a multifaceted behavioral intervention for treating schizophrenia patients with alcohol use disorders that will incorporate strategies that have been found to be effective in reducing drinking, but tailor them to meet the needs of this population. The intervention will contain several components, including: (1) pre-treatment motivational interviewing to increase engagement and motivation; (2) short-term goal setting at each session; (3) social skills and alcohol refusal skills training; (4) education and coping skills training for managing depression, stress and other forms of negative affect; (5) relapse prevention training; (6) case management aimed at networking with social supports in the participant's environment and linking patients with activities and social networks in the community in order to create a reinforcing, non-drinking environment.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Schizophrenia

Intervention

Supportive Treatment in Addiction Recovery (STAR)

Location

University of Maryland, Baltimore
Baltimore
Maryland
United States
21201

Status

Completed

Source

University of Maryland

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:46:32-0400

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