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RATIONALE: Studying samples of tumor tissue from patients with cancer in the laboratory may help doctors learn more about changes that occur in DNA and identify biomarkers related to cancer. It may also help doctors understand how patients respond to treatment.
PURPOSE: This clinical trial is studying biomarkers in patients with rectal cancer undergoing chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
- Observe whether NF-kappa B is activated in response to treatment with external beam radiotherapy.
- Correlate NF-kappa B pathway activation (presumed to be anti-apoptotic in nature) with therapeutic outcomes (as measured by rate of pathologic complete response or downstaging by endoscopic ultrasound [EUS]).
- Study downstream events induced by NF-kappa B activation.
- Determine global gene expression profiles at baseline and during chemoradiotherapy.
- Correlate changes in gene expression (compared with the baseline gene expression pattern) induced by a single dose of external beam radiotherapy with patient outcomes (as measured by pathologic response rate or downstaging by EUS).
- Study downstream events related to activation of p53 in response to treatment with radiotherapy.
- Correlate p53 pathway-mediated events with clinical outcomes.
OUTLINE: Patients receive fluorouracil or capecitabine and undergo radiotherapy and surgery per standard care.
Patients undergo tumor pinch biopsies at baseline and on days 1 and 2 of chemoradiotherapy. At the time of final surgical resection, a portion of the remaining rectal tumor will be liquid nitrogen banked. Patients not deemed surgical candidates are evaluated by transrectal ultrasound 6-8 weeks after completion of chemoradiotherapy to assess ultrasound response (downstaging versus no downstaging).
Tumor tissue samples are analyzed for NF-kappa B pathway activation; downstream events induced by NF-kappa B activation; changes in global gene expression; p53 function; apoptosis; and mRNA expression. Laboratory techniques used include tissue microarray, ELISA, RNase protection assay, fluorescence semiquantitative PCR, TUNEL, IHC, and cDNA microarray analysis.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
capecitabine, fluorouracil, TdT-mediated dUTP nick end labeling assay, gene expression analysis, microarray analysis, polymerase chain reaction, immunoenzyme technique, immunohistochemistry staining method, immunologic technique, laboratory biomarker anal
Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:46:36-0400
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Head and neck cancers
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