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This study will examine the effects of having a case manager help PHAs access and use health, social services and practical resources that are helpful to their needs as compared to the usual more PHA self-managed approach of deciding and using services as they see necessary. New and existing users of HIV/AIDS services in Wellington-Dufferin, Waterloo and Grey-Bruce Regions who consent to this study will be randomized to receive their usual self-directed supportive, educational, medical and medical care services when they seek assistance according to their needs or these usual services augmented by case management services. They will be measured before randomization and at 3, 6 and 12 months following service use for their satisfaction with HIV/AIDS services, compliance with HIV/AIDS medication, improvement in quality of life, psychological distress, risk behaviours and expenditures for the use of a range of publicly funded services.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment
strengths-based case managed proactive service model
Not yet recruiting
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:46:36-0400
This study will compare three alternative interventions in the ED to promote substance abuse assessment, referral, and treatment entry: 1) a 5 session strengths-based case management model...
To address the issues involved in treatment participation by substance-abusing parolees, the CJ-DATS Transitional Case Management (TCM) study proposes to test a parole re-entry model that ...
This is a five-year prospective randomized trial comparing two intervention conditions designed to facilitate substance abuse treatment entry and enhance retention in order to reduce the b...
This study will investigate the cost and impact of Healthcare Associated Infection (HAI) to patients, the health service and the wider community. This is in order to develop a model to al...
The purpose of this research is to understand if it is helpful for patients with mental illness to be connected to a psychiatrist and case manager at the time of cancer diagnosis.
One of the greatest challenges for healthcare systems is the management and prevention of chronic diseases. Wagner's Chronic Care Model aims to transform the daily care of patients with chronic illnes...
Individuals dually eligible for Medicare and Medicaid often receive fragmented and inefficient care. Using Minnesota fee-for-service claims, managed care encounters, and enrollment data for 2010-2012,...
We review various existing models of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and show that there are inconsistencies between the models and known behaviour of the infection. A new model for HCV infection is...
Most studies evaluating acute care surgery (ACS) models of care for patients with emergency general surgery (EGS) conditions have focused on patients who undergo surgery while admitted under the care ...
The Internet is a common tool for gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) to find sexual partners and sexual health information. Given persistently high human immunodeficiency virus (...
The non-susceptibility to infection of a large group of individuals in a population. A variety of factors can be responsible for herd immunity and this gives rise to the different definitions used in the literature. Most commonly, herd immunity refers to the case when, if most of the population is immune, infection of a single individual will not cause an epidemic. Also, in such immunized populations, susceptible individuals are not likely to become infected. Herd immunity can also refer to the case when unprotected individuals fail to contract a disease because the infecting organism has been banished from the population.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
The planned and carefully managed manual movement of the musculoskeletal system, extremities, and spine to produce increased motion. The term is sometimes used to denote a precise sequence of movements of a joint to determine the presence of disease or to reduce a dislocation. In the case of fractures, orthopedic manipulation can produce better position and alignment of the fracture. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed, p264)
A traditional term for all the activities which a physician or other health care professional normally performs to insure the coordination of the medical services required by a patient. It also, when used in connection with managed care, covers all the activities of evaluating the patient, planning treatment, referral, and follow-up so that care is continuous and comprehensive and payment for the care is obtained. (From Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2nd ed)
The probability distribution associated with two mutually exclusive outcomes; used to model cumulative incidence rates and prevalence rates. The Bernoulli distribution is a special case of binomial distribution.
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...
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