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RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as methotrexate and fludarabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing.
PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well methotrexate works as first-line therapy and fludarabine works as second-line therapy in treating patients with T-cell large granular lymphocytic leukemia.
- Determine remission rates and duration of remission in patients with T-cell large granular lymphocytic (T-LGL) leukemia needing intervention because of anemia or neutropenia and are treated with parenteral methotrexate (MTX) as first-line therapy
- Determine remission rate and duration of remission in patients who fail to respond to MTX therapy and are subsequently treated with fludarabine as second-line therapy.
- Determine the side effects of these drugs in these patients.
- Determine the rate of molecular remissions in patients treated with these drugs.
OUTLINE: This is a nonrandomized, open-label, multicenter study.
Patients receive methotrexate subcutaneously once weekly in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients not achieving a response to methotrexate receive fludarabine IV on days 1-3. Treatment with fludarabine repeats every 28 days for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 30 patients will be accrued for this study.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
fludarabine phosphate, methotrexate
Robert Roessle Comprehensive Cancer Center - Charite Campus Buch
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:46:39-0400
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An enzyme that catalyzes reversibly the conversion of D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate to dihydroxyacetone phosphate. A deficiency in humans causes nonspherocytic hemolytic disease (ANEMIA, HEMOLYTIC, CONGENITAL NONSPHEROCYTIC). EC 220.127.116.11.
An enzyme that catalyzes the reversible interconversion of glucose 6-phosphate and fructose 6-phosphate, and is a part of the glycolytic and gluconeogenic pathways. Deficiency of the enzyme, an autosomal recessive trait, results in liver glycogenesis and hemolytic anemia. EC 18.104.22.168.
The type species of GYROVIRUS, a small, non-enveloped DNA virus originally isolated from contaminated vaccines in Japan. It causes chicken infectious anemia and may possibly play a key role in hemorrhagic anemia syndrome, anemia dermatitis, and blue wing disease.
An enzyme of the transferase class that catalyzes the conversion of sedoheptulose 7-phosphate and D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate to D-ribose 5-phosphate and D-xylulose 5-phosphate in the PENTOSE PHOSPHATE PATHWAY. (Dorland, 27th ed) EC 22.214.171.124.
An enzyme of the transferase class that catalyzes the reaction sedoheptulose 7-phosphate and D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate to yield D-erythrose 4-phosphate and D-fructose phosphate in the PENTOSE PHOSPHATE PATHWAY. (Dorland, 27th ed) EC 126.96.36.199.
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