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Oxaliplatin and Capecitabine With or Without an Hepatic Arterial Infusion With Floxuridine in Treating Patients Who Are Undergoing Surgery and/or Ablation for Liver Metastases Due to Colorectal Cancer

2014-08-27 03:47:04 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as oxaliplatin, capecitabine, and floxuridine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Hepatic arterial infusion uses a catheter to carry tumor-killing substances, such as chemotherapy, directly into the liver. Giving chemotherapy in different ways may kill more tumor cells. It is not yet known whether giving oxaliplatin and capecitabine together with an hepatic arterial infusion with floxuridine is more effective than giving oxaliplatin and capecitabine alone in treating patients who are undergoing surgery and/or ablation for liver metastases due to colorectal cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying oxaliplatin, capecitabine, and an hepatic arterial infusion with floxuridine to see how well they work compared to oxaliplatin and capecitabine in treating patients who are undergoing surgery and/or ablation for liver metastases due to colorectal cancer.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

- Compare progression-free interval (PFI) in patients undergoing surgical resection and/or ablation for hepatic metastases from colorectal cancer treated with adjuvant therapy comprising oxaliplatin and capecitabine with vs without hepatic arterial infusion of floxuridine.

Secondary

- Compare overall survival and liver PFI between the two treatment groups.

- Assess toxicity in each of the treatment regimens.

- Compare self-reported symptoms between two treatment groups.

- Compare quality of life in each of the treatment regimens.

Tertiary

- Examine the prognostic worth, in terms of PFI, of specific molecular markers in hepatic metastases.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Patients are stratified according to intended surgical technique (surgical resection alone vs cryoablation or radiofrequency ablation [RFA] alone vs combination of resection and ablation) and prior adjuvant chemotherapy regimen (chemotherapy with vs without oxaliplatin vs no chemotherapy). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

All patients undergo surgical resection and/or hepatic cryoablation or RFA to remove a maximum of 6 colorectal hepatic metastases. Patients randomized to arm II also undergo intra-arterial catheter and if applicable, pump placement.

- Arm I (oxaliplatin and capecitabine): Within 4-6 weeks after surgery and/or ablation, patients receive oxaliplatin IV over 2 hours on day 1 and oral capecitabine twice daily on days 1-14. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 8 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

- Arm II (oxaliplatin, capecitabine, and hepatic arterial infusion of floxuridine): Within 4-6 weeks after surgery and/or ablation, patients receive a continuous hepatic arterial infusion of floxuridine on days 1-14, oxaliplatin IV over 2 hours on day 22, and oral capecitabine twice daily on days 22-35. Treatment repeats every 42 days for 4 courses in the absence of unacceptable toxicity. Beginning with course 5, patients receive oxaliplatin IV over 2 hours on day 1 and oral capecitabine twice daily on days 1-14. Treatment with oxaliplatin and capecitabine repeats every 21 days for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Quality of life is assessed at baseline, 4-6 weeks after surgery or ablation, approximately 18 weeks after beginning of chemotherapy, and 4-6 weeks after beginning the last cycle of chemotherapy.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 400 patients will be accrued for this study.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Colorectal Cancer

Intervention

capecitabine, floxuridine, oxaliplatin

Location

Cancer Care Center at John Muir Health - Concord Campus
Concord
California
United States
94524-4110

Status

Terminated

Source

National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project (NSABP)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:47:04-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A deoxycytidine derivative and fluorouracil PRODRUG that is used as an ANTINEOPLASTIC ANTIMETABOLITE in the treatment of COLON CANCER; BREAST CANCER and GASTRIC CANCER.

Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.

Tumor suppressor genes located in the 5q21 region on the long arm of human chromosome 5. The mutation of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (MCC stands for mutated in colorectal cancer).

Tumor suppressor genes located in the 18q21-qter region of human chromosome 18. The absence of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (DCC stands for deleted in colorectal cancer). The products of these genes show significant homology to neural cell adhesion molecules and other related cell surface glycoproteins.

A group of autosomal-dominant inherited diseases in which COLON CANCER arises in discrete adenomas. Unlike FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI with hundreds of polyps, hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal neoplasms occur much later, in the fourth and fifth decades. HNPCC has been associated with germline mutations in mismatch repair (MMR) genes. It has been subdivided into Lynch syndrome I or site-specific colonic cancer, and LYNCH SYNDROME II which includes extracolonic cancer.

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