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The purpose of this study is to find out whether taking certain anti-HIV medicines with certain antimalarial medicines affects the amount of the medicines in the blood.
The study medicines that will be used are artemether/lumefantrine (antimalarial medication) and lopinavir/ritonavir or efavirenz (anti-HIV medications). Artemether/lumefantrine is not approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) but is recommended as standard of care medical treatment for malaria in Africa and Asia. Lopinavir/ritonavir and efavirenz are approved by the FDA. Artemether/lumefantrine and lopinavir/ritonavir or efavirenz may need to be used together to treat children in Africa and Asia. We seek to learn about whether or not the use of these medicines together results in a change in blood levels of any of these medicines. The information obtained from this study will help doctors to provide a better treatment to children and adults with malaria and HIV.
The study involves 5 non-consecutive overnight stays and 14 additional outpatient visits at the San Francisco General Hospital Research Center.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Educational/Counseling/Training
Lopinavir/Ritonavir, Efavirenz, Artemether/lumefantrine
San Francisco General Hospital
University of California, San Francisco
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:47:10-0400
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An HIV protease inhibitor used in a fixed-dose combination with RITONAVIR. It is also an inhibitor of CYTOCHROME P-450 CYP3A.
Inflammation of brain parenchymal tissue as a result of viral infection. Encephalitis may occur as primary or secondary manifestation of TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PARAMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; and ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS.
Viral infections of the leptomeninges and subarachnoid space. TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RUBELLA; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORBIVIRUS infections; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RHABDOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; JC VIRUS infections; and RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS may cause this form of meningitis. Clinical manifestations include fever, headache, neck pain, vomiting, PHOTOPHOBIA, and signs of meningeal irritation. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp1-3)
Infections with viruses of the family PARAMYXOVIRIDAE. This includes MORBILLIVIRUS INFECTIONS; RESPIROVIRUS INFECTIONS; PNEUMOVIRUS INFECTIONS; HENIPAVIRUS INFECTIONS; AVULAVIRUS INFECTIONS; and RUBULAVIRUS INFECTIONS.
An HIV protease inhibitor that works by interfering with the reproductive cycle of HIV.
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing as well as dispensing drugs and medicines. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The scope of...
Human Immuno Deficiency Virus (HIV)
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), the causative agent of AIDS. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus, more commonly known as HIV, is a member of the lentivirus sub-set of the retrovirus family of pathogens. It causes AIDS, or Acquired Immuno Deficiency Sy...