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Rituximab Treatment to Block HLA Antibodies in Renal Transplant Recipients

2014-08-27 03:47:18 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine if administration of rituximab blocks the development of donor specific antibodies (DSA) in transplant recipients who have developed renal dysfunction and DSA after renal transplant. It is hoped that by blocking DSA production renal function will stabilize or improve.

Description

A long established risk factor for late renal allograft loss is the development of DSA. Recent studies from our group and others have shown that these antibodies are probably responsible for chronic rejection by attacking the vascular endothelium and fixing complement (detected as C4d in renal biopsies). Studies in humans and monkeys have shown that circulating antibody and complement deposition precede the development of chronic graft injury. Interruption of antibody production is a potential beneficial strategy to prevent late graft loss from this mechanism.

Therapeutic regimens that have been used in an attempt to deplete HLA or ABO antibodies include plasmapheresis, IVIg, tacrolimus and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), and anti-CD20 (rituximab). Of these regimens, the most specific is anti-CD20, rituximab (rituxan), a therapy now FDA approved for B cell proliferative diseases. Although initially introduced for the treatment of neoplasm, the humoral immunosuppressant effects of rituximab have been shown to have clinical significance. Rituximab interferes with both primary and secondary humoral responses by eliminating B-cells prior to antigen exposure, thus interfering with differentiation into antibody secreting cells and specific antibody production.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Chronic Rejection

Intervention

Rituximab

Status

Completed

Source

Massachusetts General Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:47:18-0400

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