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RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays and other types of radiation to kill tumor cells. Giving radiation therapy in different ways may kill more tumor cells. It is not yet known which type of radiation therapy is more effective in treating prostate cancer.
- Compare the efficacy of neutron and photon radiotherapy vs hypofractionated intensity modulated radiation, in terms of a lower frequency of chronic complication rate (chronic toxicity and disease-free survival), in patients with favorable to intermediate prognosis, stage I-III adenocarcinoma of the prostate.
OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to stage of disease (T1 vs T2 vs T3). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.
- Arm I: Patients undergo neutron radiotherapy over 15-45 minutes 5 days a week for 2 weeks followed by photon radiotherapy over 15-45 minutes 5 days a week for 5 weeks.
- Arm II: Patients undergo photon radiotherapy over 15-45 minutes 5 days a week for 5 weeks followed by hypofractionated photon irradiation over 15-45 minutes 5 days a week for 2 weeks.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically for 5 years and then yearly thereafter.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 300 patients (150 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study.
Allocation: Randomized, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:47:25-0400
RATIONALE: Hormones can stimulate the growth of prostate cancer cells. Hormone therapy may fight prostate cancer by reducing the production of androgens. Radiation therapy uses high-energy...
RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. It is not yet known whether radiation therapy to the prostate and pelvis is more effective than radiation therap...
This randomized phase III trial studies androgen-deprivation therapy and radiation therapy in treating patients with prostate cancer. Androgens can cause the growth of prostate cancer cell...
RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Hormone therapy combined with radiation therapy may be a more effective treatment for prostate cancer. PURPOSE:...
This randomized phase III trial studies how well hypofractionated radiation therapy works compared to conventional radiation therapy after surgery in treating patients with prostate cancer...
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To determine if MRI/ultrasound fusion-targeted prostate biopsy (TB) would lead to increased recommendations of aggressive radiotherapy treatments for higher risk prostate cancer compared to systematic...
Preliminary cancer therapy (chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone/endocrine therapy, immunotherapy, hyperthermia, etc.) that precedes a necessary second modality of treatment.
A glycoprotein that is a kallikrein-like serine proteinase and an esterase, produced by epithelial cells of both normal and malignant prostate tissue. It is an important marker for the diagnosis of prostate cancer.
Drug therapy given to augment or stimulate some other form of treatment such as surgery or radiation therapy. Adjuvant chemotherapy is commonly used in the therapy of cancer and can be administered before or after the primary treatment.
Organs which might be damaged during exposure to a toxin or to some form of therapy. It most frequently refers to healthy organs located in the radiation field during radiation therapy.
Drugs used to protect against ionizing radiation. They are usually of interest for use in radiation therapy but have been considered for other, e.g. military, purposes.
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...