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Outpatient Prescription Errors: Detection, Analysis, and Impact on Safety

2014-07-23 21:47:00 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to better understand outpatient prescribing errors through clinic and pharmacy-based error reporting systems.

Description

Medication errors cause substantial morbidity and mortality in the United States. However, relatively little is known about medication errors in the outpatient setting. The broad goal of this proposal is to improve outpatient safety. Specifically, this research plan promotes the understanding of the causes of outpatient prescription errors. The specific aims of this project are:

1. To develop and evaluate a novel reporting system in physicians' offices for detecting prescription errors

2. To develop and evaluate a novel improvement system in community pharmacies to increase prescription error reporting by pharmacists

3. To analyze reports of outpatient prescription errors and understand their root causes

To achieve these specific aims, statewide research will be conducted utilizing qualitative and quantitative methods including root cause analysis, failure mode and effects analysis, and surveys. This research plan will promote patient safety by furthering the understanding of the causes of outpatient prescription errors in all outpatient populations, including rural, women, children, elderly, low income, and the chronically ill.

Study Design

Additional Descriptors: Convenience Sample, Observational Model: Natural History, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional, Time Perspective: Retrospective/Prospective

Conditions

Medication Errors

Intervention

reporting system

Location

University of Vermont, Division of General Internal Medicine
Burlington
Vermont
United States
05401

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

University of Vermont

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:47:00-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Errors or mistakes committed by health professionals which result in harm to the patient. They include errors in diagnosis (DIAGNOSTIC ERRORS), errors in the administration of drugs and other medications (MEDICATION ERRORS), errors in the performance of surgical procedures, in the use of other types of therapy, in the use of equipment, and in the interpretation of laboratory findings. Medical errors are differentiated from MALPRACTICE in that the former are regarded as honest mistakes or accidents while the latter is the result of negligence, reprehensible ignorance, or criminal intent.

Errors in prescribing, dispensing, or administering medication with the result that the patient fails to receive the correct drug or the indicated proper drug dosage.

A measure of PATIENT SAFETY considering errors or mistakes which result in harm to the patient. They include errors in the administration of drugs and other medications (MEDICATION ERRORS), errors in the performance of procedures or the use of other types of therapy, in the use of equipment, and in the interpretation of laboratory findings and preventable accidents involving patients.

The formal process of obtaining a complete and accurate list of each patient's current home medications including name, dosage, frequency, and route of administration, and comparing admission, transfer, and/or discharge medication orders to that list. The reconciliation is done to avoid medication errors.

Overall systems, traditional or automated, to provide medication to patients in hospitals. Elements of the system are: handling the physician's order, transcription of the order by nurse and/or pharmacist, filling the medication order, transfer to the nursing unit, and administration to the patient.

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