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Glycemic Load, Weight Loss and Cardiovascular Disease Risk

2014-08-27 03:47:37 | BioPortfolio

Summary

To investigate the hypothesis that reducing the glycemic load of the diet will improve changes in body composition and cardio-vascular risk factors. The study compares a conventional reduced-fat, high carbohydrate diet with 3 means of reducing glycemic load: changing the carbohydrates to low-GI choices, replacing some of the carbohydrate with protein, or combining both effects to produce the lowest glycemic load.

Description

Conventional low fat diets produce modest wegiht loss at best and the results are not well maintained. More recently there has been interest in low glycemic index and high protien diets wiht some evidence that these produce better fat loss and improvement in cardiovascular risk factors. This trial aims to evaluate these different approaches and compare the outcomes over 12 weeks. Major outcomes are weigth loss, body composition change, blood lipids change, measures of glucose homeostasis, insulin resistance, leptin and CRP.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Overweight

Intervention

high protein & low glycemic index diets

Location

University of Sydney
Sydney
New South Wales
Australia
2006

Status

Completed

Source

University of Sydney

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:47:37-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".

Food and dietary formulations including elemental (chemically defined formula) diets, synthetic and semisynthetic diets, space diets, weight-reduction formulas, tube-feeding diets, complete liquid diets, and supplemental liquid and solid diets.

A course of food intake prescribed for patients, that limits the amount of foods with a high GLYCEMIC INDEX.

A quantitative value of a measured amount of a specific food that is equal to the GLYCEMIC INDEX of that food multiplied by the carbohydrate content of that food.

A numerical system of measuring the rate of BLOOD GLUCOSE generation by a particular food item as compared to a reference item, such as glucose = 100. Foods with higher glycemic index numbers create greater blood sugar swings. These numbers do not correspond to calories or amounts of food intake but rather, depend on the rates of digestion and absorption of these food items.

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