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Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a common health problem that leads to frequent hospitalizations and an increased death rate. In spite of advances in drug therapy, it remains a significant public health problem. Recently, a new therapy has been developed for advanced heart failure patients with a ventricular conduction abnormality. This new therapy, called cardiac resynchronization (CRT), is a device which stimulates the atrium, the right ventricle, and the left ventricle providing synchronization of the contraction of the heart chambers. It is the addition of this therapy to an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) that will be evaluated in this study. This study will compare whether the implantation of this new therapy device, in combination with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator, will reduce total mortality and hospitalizations for CHF.
Cardiovascular mortality is decreasing in most industrial countries, however mortality for congestive heart failure is increasing. The most important predictors of mortality in heart failure patients are depressed left ventricular function, severity of symptoms (NYHA class), and ventricular conduction abnormality manifested as wide QRS. Recent advances in pharmacological therapy including ACE inhibitors, beta-blocker and spironolactone have resulted in improvement of symptoms and reduction in mortality. Population epidemiological studies demonstrated that mortality and hospitalization rate for heart failure remains very high despite recent pharmacological therapeutic progress. Recent short-term clinical trials demonstrated that cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is effective in improving symptoms of heart failure, functional capacity and quality of life in patients with moderate to severe heart failure and conduction abnormality optimally treated with drug therapy. However, the data for morbidity and mortality in mild to moderate heart failure is lacking.
The objective of this trial is to determine if the addition of CRT to optimal pharmacological therapy and ICD is effect in reducing mortality and morbidity in patients with poor LV function, wide QRS and mild to moderate heart failure symptoms.
This is a double-blinded randomized control trial. A total of 1800 patients with mild to moderate heart failure symptoms, LVEF ≤ 30%, and QRS ≥ 120 ms will be included in the study. Patients will be randomized to either "ICD plus Optimal Medical Therapy (control)" or "CRT/ICD plus Optimal Medical Therapy (experimental)" in a 1:1 randomization ratio. Patients in the control group will be implanted with a single or dual chamber ICD. Patients in the experimental group will receive a device with the capabilities of CRT and ICD. Optimal Medical Therapy will include ACE inhibitors and beta-blockers. Patients will be followed on a regular basis and will have clinical evaluation, quality of life assessment, and six minute walk tests performed. The primary outcome is a composite of total mortality and heart failure hospitalization. Secondary outcome measures will include total mortality, cardiovascular mortality, sudden arrhythmic death, health related quality of life and cost economics. Patient accruement is scheduled for 4.5 years and a minimum follow of 18 months.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Heart Failure, Congestive
Optimal Medical Therapy plus ICD, Optimal Medical Therapy plus CRT/ICD
Royal Adelaide Hospital
Active, not recruiting
University of Ottawa Heart Institute
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:47:45-0400
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