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The RARE PEARL is a multicenter prospective, randomized, double-blinded, crossover study.
Prior entering the study the patient should be informed and should give his written consent. Besides he/she should meet all selection criteria. The Investigator has to check that all selection criteria are satisfied. Then the patient undergoes pacemaker implantation, receiving a pacemaker model C20 SSIR or T20 SSIR (or later). The ventricular lead must be bipolar independently of the manufacturer.
After pacemaker implantation, a 45 days Stabilization Period is necessary to stabilize leads and drug therapy.
At the end of the stabilization period the patient is randomized to have VRS algorithm switched either ON or OFF. The 1° Study Phase ends after 2 months. Then a cross-over takes place: VRS algorithm is switched respectively OFF or ON and the 2° Study Phase is started. Also the 2° Study Phase ends after 2 months.
The randomization will be centralized: randomization lists will be generated and managed by the sponsor. Because the patients will undergo a QoL questionnaire at each crossover phase, they will have to be blinded about the status of their VRS setting. Similarly, also the co-investigators administering the QoL questionnaires have to be blinded about the status of VRS setting. Only the principal investigator knows if the VRS algorithm is ON or OFF. The principal investigator will be instructed not to inform the patient and the co-investigators administering QoL questionnaire about the setting until after the end of the study.
The co-investigator(s) responsible for QoL questionnaire should not perform the patient follow-up at 1° and 2° Study Phase, otherwise the patient is automatically excluded from the study.
After the cross-over period (2 + 2 months) a Free Therapy Phase (3° Phase) starts. Device settings and drug therapy are left to the physician’s discretion.
One year after implantation a final follow-up is scheduled. The study ends and the pacemaker can be programmed according to the physician’s discretion.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Function Ventricular Rate Stabilization
Divisione di Cardiologia - Ospedale Civile
Not yet recruiting
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:47:56-0400
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A cardiotonic glycoside obtained mainly from Digitalis lanata; it consists of three sugars and the aglycone DIGOXIGENIN. Digoxin has positive inotropic and negative chronotropic activity. It is used to control ventricular rate in ATRIAL FIBRILLATION and in the management of congestive heart failure with atrial fibrillation. Its use in congestive heart failure and sinus rhythm is less certain. The margin between toxic and therapeutic doses is small. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p666)
Long-term changes in the electrophysiological parameters and/or anatomical structures of the HEART ATRIA that result from prolonged changes in atrial rate, often associated with ATRIAL FIBRILLATION or long periods of intense EXERCISE.
Rapid, irregular atrial contractions caused by a block of electrical impulse conduction in the right atrium and a reentrant wave front traveling up the inter-atrial septum and down the right atrial free wall or vice versa. Unlike ATRIAL FIBRILLATION which is caused by abnormal impulse generation, typical atrial flutter is caused by abnormal impulse conduction. As in atrial fibrillation, patients with atrial flutter cannot effectively pump blood into the lower chambers of the heart (HEART VENTRICLES).
A malignant form of polymorphic ventricular tachycardia that is characterized by HEART RATE between 200 and 250 beats per minute, and QRS complexes with changing amplitude and twisting of the points. The term also describes the syndrome of tachycardia with prolonged ventricular repolarization, long QT intervals exceeding 500 milliseconds or BRADYCARDIA. Torsades de pointes may be self-limited or may progress to VENTRICULAR FIBRILLATION.
A potentially lethal cardiac arrhythmia that is characterized by uncoordinated extremely rapid firing of electrical impulses (400-600/min) in HEART VENTRICLES. Such asynchronous ventricular quivering or fibrillation prevents any effective cardiac output and results in unconsciousness (SYNCOPE). It is one of the major electrocardiographic patterns seen with CARDIAC ARREST.
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