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Samarium Sm 153 Lexidronam Pentasodium and Autologous Stem Cell Transplant Followed By Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Recurrent or Refractory, Metastatic, or Unresectable Osteosarcoma

2014-08-27 03:47:59 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Radioactive drugs, such as samarium Sm 153 lexidronam pentasodium, may carry radiation directly to tumor cells and not harm normal cells. A peripheral stem cell transplant may be able to replace blood-forming cells that were destroyed by chemotherapy and samarium Sm 153 lexidronam pentasodium. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Giving samarium Sm 153 lexidronam pentasodium together with a peripheral stem cell transplant and radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well giving samarium Sm 153 lexidronam pentasodium together with autologous stem cell transplant and radiation therapy works in treating patients with recurrent or refractory, metastatic, or unresectable osteosarcoma.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

- Determine the clinical response in patients with recurrent or refractory, metastatic, or unresectable osteosarcoma treated with high-dose samarium Sm 153 lexidronam pentasodium (^153Sm-EDTMP) and autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation followed by external-beam radiotherapy.

- Correlate the amount of radiation delivered to a tumor with low-dose ^153Sm-EDTMP with that of high-dose ^153Sm-EDTMP in patients treated with this regimen.

Secondary

- Determine the overall and progression-free survival of patients treated with this regimen.

- Determine the toxicity of this regimen in these patients.

- Determine the long-term effects of this regimen in these patients.

- Determine the predictive value of fludeoxyglucose F 18 positron emission tomography (FDG-PET), diffusion-weighted MRI, and magnetic resonance spectroscopy for evaluation of treatment response in patients treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: Patients are stratified according to resectability of the primary tumor (recurrent, refractory, or very high-risk disease vs unresectable primary tumor).

- Mobilization and collection of autologous peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs)* : Patients receive ifosfamide IV daily for 5 days followed by filgrastim (G-CSF) subcutaneously daily. Patients then undergo leukapheresis for collection of autologous PBSCs until ≥ 2 x 10^6 CD34-positive cells/kg are collected.

NOTE: *Patients who have undergone PBSC collection before study entry proceed to high-dose samarium Sm 153 lexidronam pentasodium (153Sm-EDTMP) infusion without mobilization and collection of autologous PBSCs.

- 153Sm-EDTMP infusion: Patients receive a trace dose of ^153Sm-EDTMP** IV over 1-2 minutes and undergo bone scan 4, 24, and 48-72 hours later. Six weeks later, patients receive high-dose ^153Sm-EDTMP IV over 1-2 minutes and undergo repeat bone scans 4, 24, and 48-72 hours later.

NOTE: **Patients may receive the trace dose on protocol JHOC-J0094.

- Autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT): Between 12-14 days after administration of high-dose ^153Sm-EDTMP, patients undergo autologous PBSCT. Beginning 2 days later, patients receive G-CSF IV daily.

- External-beam radiotherapy: Patients then undergo external-beam radiotherapy to the sites of bulky disease.

- Surgery: Some patients may also undergo surgical resection of residual disease. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically for up to 3 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 54 patients will be accrued for this study.

Study Design

Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Sarcoma

Intervention

filgrastim, ifosfamide, peripheral blood stem cell transplantation, radiation therapy, samarium Sm 153 lexidronam pentasodium

Location

Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
Baltimore
Maryland
United States
21231-2410

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:47:59-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Transplantation of stem cells collected from the peripheral blood. It is a less invasive alternative to direct marrow harvesting of hematopoietic stem cells. Enrichment of stem cells in peripheral blood can be achieved by inducing mobilization of stem cells from the BONE MARROW.

Transfer of HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS from BONE MARROW or BLOOD between individuals within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS). Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation has been used as an alternative to BONE MARROW TRANSPLANTATION in the treatment of a variety of neoplasms.

The release of stem cells from the bone marrow into the peripheral blood circulation for the purpose of leukapheresis, prior to stem cell transplantation. Hematopoietic growth factors or chemotherapeutic agents often are used to stimulate the mobilization.

Transplantation of STEM CELLS collected from the fetal blood remaining in the UMBILICAL CORD and the PLACENTA after delivery. Included are the HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS.

The transfer of STEM CELLS from one individual to another within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or between species (XENOTRANSPLANTATION), or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS). The source and location of the stem cells determines their potency or pluripotency to differentiate into various cell types.

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