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Study of the safety and immunogenicity (antibody producing capability) comparing inactivated influenza vaccine to placebo given to infants at 2 and 3 months of age. Infants will receive inactivated influenza vaccine at the same time as other vaccines on the routine immunization schedule. Infants will be randomized at enrollment to receive inactivated influenza vaccine or placebo at a 2:1 ratio. This study is double-blind, randomized, and placebo-controlled.
Methods: A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial was conducted in 1375 healthy US infants 6-12 weeks of age. Subjects received either 2 doses of trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (TIV, Fluzone®, sanofi pasteur 2005-6 pediatric formulation) (N=915) or placebo (N=460) 1 month apart, along with indicated concomitant vaccines. Solicited adverse events were collected for 7 days following each vaccination, unsolicited adverse events for 28 days, and serious adverse events for 6 months. Hemagglutination inhibition antibodies to all 3 vaccine strains were measured following the second TIV/placebo dose.
Results: No significant differences were seen between TIV and placebo groups for any safety outcomes. Fever ≥38oC rectal within 3 days of vaccination was seen in 11.2% vs 11.7% of TIV vs placebo recipients. Serious adverse events within 28 days of vaccine/placebo were reported in 1.9% of TIV and 1.5% of placebo recipients; only one (hypersensitivity reaction in a TIV recipient) was considered vaccine-related. Significantly increased antibody responses (p<0.001) were seen against all 3 strains in TIV recipients by titer ≥ 1:40 or geometric mean titer (GMT) (p<0.001). Altogether, 50% of infants had antibody titers ≥ 1:40 for H1N1, 86% for H3N2, and 11% for B compared with 7%, 10%, and 0.3% in the placebo group. The reciprocal GMT for influenza recipients was 33, 95, and 11 for H1N1, H3N2, and B vs. 7, 9, and 5 for placebo recipients. Over 90% of infants who received TIV had antibody ≥ 1:40 for at least one vaccine strain and 49.6% for 2 strains, vs. 16.4% and 0.9% in the placebo group.
Conclusions: TIV administered to young infants beginning at 6-12 weeks of age is safe and immunogenic.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention
Inactivated Influenza Vaccine
2005-2006 trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine
Seattle Children's Hospital and Regional Medical Center
Seattle Children's Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:48:05-0400
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