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Safety and Immunogenicity of Inactivated Influenza Virus Vaccine Among Healthy Children 6-12 Weeks of Age

2014-08-27 03:48:05 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Study of the safety and immunogenicity (antibody producing capability) comparing inactivated influenza vaccine to placebo given to infants at 2 and 3 months of age. Infants will receive inactivated influenza vaccine at the same time as other vaccines on the routine immunization schedule. Infants will be randomized at enrollment to receive inactivated influenza vaccine or placebo at a 2:1 ratio. This study is double-blind, randomized, and placebo-controlled.

Description

Methods: A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial was conducted in 1375 healthy US infants 6-12 weeks of age. Subjects received either 2 doses of trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (TIV, Fluzone®, sanofi pasteur 2005-6 pediatric formulation) (N=915) or placebo (N=460) 1 month apart, along with indicated concomitant vaccines. Solicited adverse events were collected for 7 days following each vaccination, unsolicited adverse events for 28 days, and serious adverse events for 6 months. Hemagglutination inhibition antibodies to all 3 vaccine strains were measured following the second TIV/placebo dose.

Results: No significant differences were seen between TIV and placebo groups for any safety outcomes. Fever ≥38oC rectal within 3 days of vaccination was seen in 11.2% vs 11.7% of TIV vs placebo recipients. Serious adverse events within 28 days of vaccine/placebo were reported in 1.9% of TIV and 1.5% of placebo recipients; only one (hypersensitivity reaction in a TIV recipient) was considered vaccine-related. Significantly increased antibody responses (p<0.001) were seen against all 3 strains in TIV recipients by titer ≥ 1:40 or geometric mean titer (GMT) (p<0.001). Altogether, 50% of infants had antibody titers ≥ 1:40 for H1N1, 86% for H3N2, and 11% for B compared with 7%, 10%, and 0.3% in the placebo group. The reciprocal GMT for influenza recipients was 33, 95, and 11 for H1N1, H3N2, and B vs. 7, 9, and 5 for placebo recipients. Over 90% of infants who received TIV had antibody ≥ 1:40 for at least one vaccine strain and 49.6% for 2 strains, vs. 16.4% and 0.9% in the placebo group.

Conclusions: TIV administered to young infants beginning at 6-12 weeks of age is safe and immunogenic.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Inactivated Influenza Vaccine

Intervention

2005-2006 trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine

Location

Seattle Children's Hospital and Regional Medical Center
Seattle
Washington
United States
98105

Status

Completed

Source

Seattle Children's Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:48:05-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Vaccines used to prevent infection by viruses in the family ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE. It includes both killed or attenuated vaccines. The composition of the vaccines is changed each year in response to antigenic shifts and changes in prevalence of influenza virus strains. The vaccine is usually bivalent or trivalent, containing one or two INFLUENZAVIRUS A strains and one INFLUENZAVIRUS B strain.

A suspension of formalin-inactivated poliovirus grown in monkey kidney cell tissue culture and used to prevent POLIOMYELITIS.

Species of the genus INFLUENZAVIRUS B that cause HUMAN INFLUENZA and other diseases primarily in humans. Antigenic variation is less extensive than in type A viruses (INFLUENZA A VIRUS) and consequently there is no basis for distinct subtypes or variants. Epidemics are less likely than with INFLUENZA A VIRUS and there have been no pandemics. Previously only found in humans, Influenza B virus has been isolated from seals which may constitute the animal reservoir from which humans are exposed.

Vaccines used to prevent POLIOMYELITIS. They include inactivated (POLIOVIRUS VACCINE, INACTIVATED) and oral vaccines (POLIOVIRUS VACCINE, ORAL).

Membrane glycoproteins from influenza viruses which are involved in hemagglutination, virus attachment, and envelope fusion. Fourteen distinct subtypes of HA glycoproteins and nine of NA glycoproteins have been identified from INFLUENZA A VIRUS; no subtypes have been identified for Influenza B or Influenza C viruses.

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