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Surgery With or Without Hepatic Arterial Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Liver Cancer

2014-08-27 03:48:16 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as fluorouracil and cisplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving drugs directly into the arteries around the tumor may kill more tumor cells. Giving chemotherapy after surgery may kill any remaining tumor cells. It is not yet known whether surgery and hepatic arterial chemotherapy are more effective than surgery alone in treating patients with liver cancer that has spread to the portal vein.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying surgery and hepatic arterial chemotherapy to see how well they work compared to surgery alone in treating patients with liver cancer that has spread to the portal vein.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

- Compare the efficacy of surgical resection with vs without postoperative hepatic arterial chemotherapy in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and portal vein tumor thrombus.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to grade of portal invasion and Child-Pugh classification. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

- Arm I: Patients undergo macroscopic curative resection. Within 28 days after surgery, patients without post-surgery complications undergo hepatic arterial infusion comprising fluorouracil and cisplatin on days 1-5, 8-12, and 15-19. Treatment continues for 6 months.

- Arm II: Patients undergo macroscopic curative resection.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 100 patients (50 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Localized Resectable Adult Primary Liver Cancer

Intervention

cisplatin, fluorouracil, adjuvant therapy, chemotherapy, conventional surgery, hepatic arterial infusion, surgery

Location

Kyoto City Hospital
Kyoto
Japan
604-8845

Status

Withdrawn

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:48:16-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Drug therapy given to augment or stimulate some other form of treatment such as surgery or radiation therapy. Adjuvant chemotherapy is commonly used in the therapy of cancer and can be administered before or after the primary treatment.

Radiotherapy given to augment some other form of treatment such as surgery or chemotherapy. Adjuvant radiotherapy is commonly used in the therapy of cancer and can be administered before or after the primary treatment.

Combined chemotherapy and radiotherapy given to augment some other form of treatment such as surgery. It is commonly used in the therapy of cancer.

A followup operation to examine the outcome of the previous surgery and other treatments, such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy.

A therapeutic approach, involving chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or surgery, after initial regimens have failed to lead to improvement in a patient's condition. Salvage therapy is most often used for neoplastic diseases.

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