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Two thirds or more of breast cancers are dependent on estrogen for growth. We use a number of estrogen-blocking medicines for treatment of metastatic breast cancer. The treatment response to these agents is unpredictable, however, and approximately one-third of patients with metastatic breast cancer with receptors for estrogen or progesterone have no benefit from hormonal therapy. Nearly all patients with metastatic breast cancer will eventually become resistant to hormonal therapy despite the fact that the hormone receptors are still present.
Some cells make a different class of growth factor receptor called the Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor. There is a growing body of experimental evidence showing that breast cancer cells that make Epidermal Growth Factor Receptors are more resistant to hormonal therapy and have a poorer prognosis. Several investigators have found that the Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor can activate the estrogen receptor, even in the presence of estrogen-blocking drugs. Growth of these cells can be slowed by blockade of both Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor signaling and estrogen-receptor signaling. Lapatinib is a small molecule which can inhibit two different forms of the Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor. It has been studied in people with a number of different cancers, including breast cancer, and a safe dose and its common side effects have been defined.
Our hypothesis is that the Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor is the dominant receptor pathway used by breast cancers in our patients with hormone-resistant tumors. Drugs like lapatinib which block several forms of the Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor would best be able to reverse resistance to hormonal agents.
All patients must have stopped their endocrine two to four weeks or longer prior to entry on study. Upon enrollment, patients will begin lapatinib at 1500 mg once a day orally. The original endocrine therapy will resume two weeks later. The lapatinib will be continued for a maximum of 26 weeks.
A history, physical examination, blood counts, and chemistries will be done at baseline, and at regular intervals through the course of the study. A CT scan and bone scan will be done prior to treatment and at weeks 14 and 26. Assays for plasma DNA will be performed on blood sampled at baseline and at multiple time points throughout the course of treatment. Percutaneous biopsies will be taken in selected patients with accessible disease, 72 hours or less prior to the start of lapatinib, and again 13-15 days, and 27-29 days following the start of lapatinib. The day 13-15 biopsy will be done just prior to the resumption of the patient's endocrine therapy. Assays for phospho-ERK, phospho-Akt, Cyclin D1, Ki-67, and IRS-1 will be performed by conventional immunohistochemistry on the biopsied tissue.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Metastatic Breast Cancer
University of Colorado Cancer Center
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:48:43-0400
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