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Pelvic Floor Muscle Training for Incontinence in Older Women.

2014-07-23 21:47:46 | BioPortfolio

Summary

To determine the effect of pelvic floor muscle training in women aged 70 years and over, who have proven stress urinary incontinence. The hypotheses to be tested are:

1. That pelvic floor muscle training is effective in relief of symptoms of stress urinary incontinence as measured by a greater reduction in the number of episodes of incontinence, quantity of urine lost and improvement of quality of life.

2. That women who undertake pelvic floor muscle training will show greater improvement of pelvic floor muscle function than women who have behavioural (bladder) training, as measured by real time transabdominal ultrasound.

Description

Urinary incontinence is associated with significant personal stress, shame and social stigma and affects around one-third of women over 60 years of age. It restricts the amount of physical activity and can lead to social isolation and poor health. Pelvic floor muscle re-education by physiotherapists is the most commonly recommended method of conservative management. Although a recent Cochrane review concluded that it was an effective treatment for women with stress and mixed incontinence, there is still no strong evidence for the effectiveness of this intervention in elderly women. It has also been suggested that bladder training alone is equally effective in patients with stress urinary incontinence, urge and mixed incontinence. This is contrary to current clinical experience. It is therefore important to distinguish the relative effectiveness of these interventions used in isolation in order to ensure that urinary incontinence is managed in the most effective and efficient way.

Comparisons: pelvic floor muscle training group and bladder training.

Assessments will be conducted at baseline, 1 month, 3 months and 5 months during the intervention period. Both groups will then continue with their home program for a further 7 months until their final assessment (Assessment 5).

Outcome measures will include: volume of urine lost during a stress test, completion of accident diaries, Degree of 'bother', quality of life using the Kings Health Questionnaire, and assessment of pelvic floor function using real time transabdominal diagnostic ultrasound.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Stress Urinary Incontinence

Intervention

Pelvic floor muscle training and bladder training

Location

Austin Health
Melbourne
Victoria
Australia
3084

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

University of Melbourne

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:47:46-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A HERNIA-like condition in which the weakened pelvic muscles cause the URINARY BLADDER to drop from its normal position. Fallen urinary bladder is more common in females with the bladder dropping into the VAGINA and less common in males with the bladder dropping into the SCROTUM.

Injury, weakening, or PROLAPSE of the pelvic muscles, surrounding connective tissues or ligaments (PELVIC FLOOR).

Involuntary discharge of URINE as a result of physical activities that increase abdominal pressure on the URINARY BLADDER without detrusor contraction or overdistended bladder. The subtypes are classified by the degree of leakage, descent and opening of the bladder neck and URETHRA without bladder contraction, and sphincter deficiency.

Financial support for training including both student stipends and loans and training grants to institutions.

Symptom of overactive detrusor muscle of the URINARY BLADDER that contracts with abnormally high frequency and urgency. Overactive bladder is characterized by the frequent feeling of needing to urinate during the day, during the night, or both. URINARY INCONTINENCE may or may not be present.

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