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The Efficacy of Galantamine on the Attention and the Frontal Function of the Patients With Dementia of Alzheimer Type

2014-08-27 03:49:05 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy of galantamine on the attention of patients with Alzheimer's Disease, how an improvement of attention of Alzheimer's Disease patients affects their activities of daily living, and the global benefit of galantamine.

Description

Recent studies suggest that an attention deficit occurs at early stage of Alzheimer's disease and affects patients' activities of daily living. In other words, some patients without language or visuospatial dysfunction have severe impairment of activities of daily living, which might result from attention deficit. Another recent clinical study showed that galantamine is more effective in attention and vigilance of Alzheimer's disease patients than donepezil. The study hypothesis is that galantamine will improve attention and frontal executive function in Alzheimer's disease patients and is well-tolerated.

8 mg/day for the first 4 weeks, 16 mg for the next 8 weeks

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Alzheimer Disease

Intervention

galantamine hydrobromide

Status

Completed

Source

Janssen Korea, Ltd., Korea

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:49:05-0400

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Galantamine is not a positive allosteric modulator of human α4β2 or α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors.

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A benzazepine derived from norbelladine. It is found in GALANTHUS and other AMARYLLIDACEAE. It is a cholinesterase inhibitor that has been used to reverse the muscular effects of GALLAMINE TRIETHIODIDE and TUBOCURARINE and has been studied as a treatment for ALZHEIMER DISEASE and other central nervous system disorders.

Abnormal structures located chiefly in distal dendrites and, along with NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES and SENILE PLAQUES, constitute the three morphological hallmarks of ALZHEIMER DISEASE. Neuropil threads are made up of straight and paired helical filaments which consist of abnormally phosphorylated microtubule-associated tau proteins. It has been suggested that the threads have a major role in the cognitive impairment seen in Alzheimer disease.

Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent or treat ALZHEIMER DISEASE.

A progressive form of dementia characterized by the global loss of language abilities and initial preservation of other cognitive functions. Fluent and nonfluent subtypes have been described. Eventually a pattern of global cognitive dysfunction, similar to ALZHEIMER DISEASE, emerges. Pathologically, there are no Alzheimer or PICK DISEASE like changes, however, spongiform changes of cortical layers II and III are present in the TEMPORAL LOBE and FRONTAL LOBE. (From Brain 1998 Jan;121(Pt 1):115-26)

A carbamate-derived reversible CHOLINESTERASE INHIBITOR that is selective for the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM and is used for the treatment of DEMENTIA in ALZHEIMER DISEASE and PARKINSON DISEASE.

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