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Treatment of Japanese Encephalitis

2014-07-24 14:27:05 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Japanese encephalitis is the single largest cause of viral encephalitis in the world today. It occurs in yearly post monsoon outbreaks in Uttar Pradesh and other parts of India and south east Asia. There is presently no antiviral drug of proven benefit for this illness and treatment is mostly supportive. The drug Ribavirin is already in the market in use for other indications. It has been found useful in West Nile encephalitis and various hemorrhagic fevers caused by related arboviruses. This is a double blind placebo of Ribavirin in Japanese encephalitis. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first such trial in the world. The study hypothesis is that children treated with ribavirin will be no different from those getting placebo in terms of mortality, length of hospital stay, days to return to consciousness and oral feeds, days to become afebrile and convulsion free and in 3 month sequelae rate.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Japanese Encephalitis

Intervention

Ribavirin

Location

King George Medical University
Lucknow
UP
India
226003

Status

Recruiting

Source

Indian Council of Medical Research

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:27:05-0400

Clinical Trials [905 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Study of ChimeriVax™-Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine in Toddlers in Thailand and the Philippines

This study is to assess the safety and immunogenicity of three consecutive lots of JE-CV in toddlers aged 12-18 months. Primary objective: To demonstrate the bio-equivalence of thr...

Immunogenicity Study of the Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine IC51

The objective is to demonstrate the non-inferiority of the Japanese Encephalitis vaccine IC51 compared to JE-VAX in healthy subjects aged > or = 18 years

Immunogenicity and Safety of ChimeriVax™ Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine in Thai Toddlers and Children

Safety: To describe the safety profiles following vaccination. Immunogenicity: To describe the immune response after a single dose of vaccine.

Longterm Immunogenicity of the Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine IC51

The study investigates the long term safety and immunogenicity of the Japanese Encephalitis vaccine IC51 up to month 60.

Comparison of Three Commercial Batches of the Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine IC51

The objective is to demonstrate equivalence of three commercial IC51 batches in terms of geometric mean titers for anti-JEV neutralizing antibody

PubMed Articles [1206 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Poor performance of two rapid immunochromatographic assays for anti-Japanese encephalitis virus immunoglobulin M detection in cerebrospinal fluid and serum from patients with suspected Japanese encephalitis virus infection in Laos.

Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is a leading identified cause of encephalitis in Asia, often occurring in rural areas with poor access to laboratory diagnostics. We evaluated two rapid diagnostic te...

Development of an improved RT-qPCR Assay for detection of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) RNA including a systematic review and comprehensive comparison with published methods.

Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is a major cause of encephalitis in Asia, and the commonest cause of mosquito-borne encephalitis worldwide. Detection of JEV RNA remains challenging due to the charac...

DNA barcoding of five Japanese encephalitis mosquito vectors (Culex fuscocephala, Culex gelidus, Culex tritaeniorhynchus, Culex pseudovishnui and Culex vishnui).

Culex mosquitoes can act as vectors of several important diseases, including Japanese encephalitis, West Nile virus, St. Louis encephalitis and equine encephalitis. Besides the neurological sequel cau...

A protocol for investigating the association of vaccination and anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis.

Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate (Anti-NMDA) receptor encephalitis is an acute autoimmune neurological disorder that can be triggered by virus, H1N1/tetanus/diphtheria/pertussis and polio vaccines or by pres...

Ledipasvir-Sofosbuvir for Treating Japanese Patients With Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Genotype 2 Infection.

Japanese patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 2 infection have high rates of sustained virologic response (SVR) following 12 weeks of treatment with the nucleotide polymerase inhibit...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE), found in Australia and New Guinea. It causes a fulminating viremia resembling Japanese encephalitis (ENCEPHALITIS, JAPANESE).

A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE), which is the etiological agent of Japanese encephalitis found in Asia, southeast Asia, and the Indian subcontinent.

A subgroup of the genus FLAVIVIRUS which comprises a number of viral species that are the etiologic agents of human encephalitis in many different geographical regions. These include Japanese encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, JAPANESE), St. Louis encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, ST. LOUIS), Murray Valley encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, MURRAY VALLEY), and WEST NILE VIRUS.

A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE), which is the etiologic agent of ST. LOUIS ENCEPHALITIS in the United States, the Caribbean, and Central and South America.

A mosquito-borne encephalitis caused by the Japanese B encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, JAPANESE) occurring throughout Eastern Asia and Australia. The majority of infections occur in children and are subclinical or have features limited to transient fever and gastrointestinal symptoms. Inflammation of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges may occur and lead to transient or permanent neurologic deficits (including a POLIOMYELITIS-like presentation); SEIZURES; COMA; and death. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p751; Lancet 1998 Apr 11;351(9109):1094-7)

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