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The Effect of Praziquantel Treatment on Schistosoma Mansoni Morbidity and re-Infection Along Lake Victoria, Uganda

2014-08-27 03:49:09 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The overall objective of the project is to contribute to an increased knowledge about the effect of praziquantel on schistosomiasis related morbidity and re-infection level among communities living along Lake Victoria in Mayuge district, Uganda with the overall aim of improving the strategies for morbidity control.

The study will be carried out in a high transmission area along Lake Victoria, in Mayuge district. It will be a randomised intervention study, comparing a single praziquantel treatment (40mg/kg) with two standard doses administered two weeks apart.

Description

In Uganda, schistosomiasis affects approximately 10% of the population and transmission takes place along all large water bodies (rivers and lakes).

Morbidity control should aim at increasing the length of time before morbidity reappears and decrease the time during which morbidity regresses in a situation with continued transmission and re-infection. It is proposed to test this by comparing the standard treatment with a double treatment (2 x 40 mg/kg) two weeks apart.

The overall objective of the project is to contribute to an increased knowledge about the effect of praziquantel on schistosomiasis related morbidity and re-infection level among communities living along Lake Victoria in Mayuge district, Uganda with the overall aim of improving the strategies for morbidity control.

The study will be carried out in a high transmission area along Lake Victoria, in Mayuge district. It will be a randomised intervention study, comparing a single praziquantel treatment (40mg/kg) with two standard doses administered two weeks apart. Two groups of participants, with 270 people in each, will be randomly selected and randomly assigned to the two treatment regimens. Three consecutive stool samples will be from the cohort and blood samples for malaria will be examined. Clinical and ultrasonographic examinations will be performed. After all the examinations, the whole cohort will be treated with a single standard dose of praziquantel and albendazole. Two weeks later all members of one of the groups will receive another standard dose of praziquantel. Follow-up examinations will be performed 8 weeks, 6 months and two years later.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Dose Comparison, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Schistosomiasis

Intervention

praziquantel

Location

Musoli village
Busuyi parish
Mayuge District
Uganda

Status

Completed

Source

DBL -Institute for Health Research and Development

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:49:09-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Schistosomiasis caused by Schistosoma japonicum. It is endemic in the Far East and affects the bowel, liver, and spleen,

Schistosomiasis caused by Schistosoma mansoni. It is endemic in Africa, the Middle East, South America, and the Caribbean and affects mainly the bowel, spleen, and liver.

An anthelmintic used in most schistosome and many cestode infestations.

One of the SCHISTOSOMICIDES, it has been replaced largely by HYCANTHONE and more recently PRAZIQUANTEL. (From Martindale The Extrapharmacopoeia, 30th ed., p46)

A species of trematode blood flukes of the family Schistosomatidae which occurs at different stages in development in veins of the pulmonary and hepatic system and finally the bladder lumen. This parasite causes urinary schistosomiasis.

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