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Intermittent Treatment With Sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine for Malaria Control in Infants

2014-08-27 03:49:29 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to assess the effectiveness of Intermittent Preventive Treatment in Infants (IPTi) with Sulfadoxine-Pyrimethamine to reduce the numbers of malaria attacks, episodes of anemia, and the overall morbidity and mortality

Description

In order to define the effectiveness of Intermittent Preventive Treatment in Infants (IPTi) with Sulfadoxine-Pyrimethamine, a novel principle of malaria intervention, the following parameters are evaluated: i) the level of protection from malaria attacks and episodes of anemia during the treatment period, ii) the level of protection from severe malaria during the treatment period, iii) the effect on malaria morbidity after sustaining treatment, iv) the decrease of overall morbidity and mortality, including the number of hospital admissions and visits of hospital outpatient departments v) the influence of the intervention on the development of drug resistances, vi) the impact of the intervention on the development of immunity, vii) the possible influence of the intervention on sub-clinical organ dysfunction due to chronic Plasmodium falciparum infection. Parts of the study are performed in collaboration with the Laboratory of Research, Hospital Albert Schweitzer, Lambaréné, Gabon and the School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Malaria

Intervention

Sulfadoxine (12.5 mg)/Pyrimethamine (250 mg)

Location

Kumasi Centre for Collaborative Research in Tropical Medicine
Kumasi
Ashanti Region
Ghana

Status

Completed

Source

Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:49:29-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM VIVAX. This form of malaria is less severe than MALARIA, FALCIPARUM, but there is a higher probability for relapses to occur. Febrile paroxysms often occur every other day.

A sulfone active against a wide range of bacteria but mainly employed for its actions against MYCOBACTERIUM LEPRAE. Its mechanism of action is probably similar to that of the SULFONAMIDES which involves inhibition of folic acid synthesis in susceptible organisms. It is also used with PYRIMETHAMINE in the treatment of malaria. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p157-8)

Vaccines made from antigens arising from any of the four strains of Plasmodium which cause malaria in humans, or from P. berghei which causes malaria in rodents.

A protozoan parasite that causes vivax malaria (MALARIA, VIVAX). This species is found almost everywhere malaria is endemic and is the only one that has a range extending into the temperate regions.

Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM. This is the severest form of malaria and is associated with the highest levels of parasites in the blood. This disease is characterized by irregularly recurring febrile paroxysms that in extreme cases occur with acute cerebral, renal, or gastrointestinal manifestations.

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