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The purpose of this study is to assess the effectiveness of Intermittent Preventive Treatment in Infants (IPTi) with Sulfadoxine-Pyrimethamine to reduce the numbers of malaria attacks, episodes of anemia, and the overall morbidity and mortality
In order to define the effectiveness of Intermittent Preventive Treatment in Infants (IPTi) with Sulfadoxine-Pyrimethamine, a novel principle of malaria intervention, the following parameters are evaluated: i) the level of protection from malaria attacks and episodes of anemia during the treatment period, ii) the level of protection from severe malaria during the treatment period, iii) the effect on malaria morbidity after sustaining treatment, iv) the decrease of overall morbidity and mortality, including the number of hospital admissions and visits of hospital outpatient departments v) the influence of the intervention on the development of drug resistances, vi) the impact of the intervention on the development of immunity, vii) the possible influence of the intervention on sub-clinical organ dysfunction due to chronic Plasmodium falciparum infection. Parts of the study are performed in collaboration with the Laboratory of Research, Hospital Albert Schweitzer, Lambaréné, Gabon and the School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention
Sulfadoxine (12.5 mg)/Pyrimethamine (250 mg)
Kumasi Centre for Collaborative Research in Tropical Medicine
Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:49:29-0400
Quinine remains the treatment of choice of hospitalised malaria cases. The long treatment duration of 7 days, and adverse reactions often hamper its adequate use. Reducing the treatment du...
The purpose of this study is to determine the efficacy of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine plus artesunate versus sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine alone in the treatment of uncomplicated malaria.
The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine plus artesunate with that of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine on its own for the treatment of uncomplicated malar...
The purpose of this study is to examine whether treatment of pregnant Malawian women with repeated doses of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine and azithromycin antibiotics will prevent preterm deli...
In Malawi, the standard of care to prevent malaria during pregnancy at the time of the study was a two dose sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine intermittent protective treatment (SP IPT) regimen adm...
Sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine resistance threatens efficacy of intermittent preventive treatment of malaria during pregnancy, and alternative regimens need to be identified. With the return of chloroquine...
In 2005, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) switched to artesunate/amodiaquine as the first-line antimalarial in response to increasing sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine resistance and adopted intermi...
The study was conducted to investigate malaria prevalence among a group of women in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) who received intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy with sulfadoxine-...
Intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy (IPTp) with dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine (IPTp-DP) has been shown to reduce the burden of malaria during pregnancy compared to sulfadoxine-p...
To compare the effectiveness of mefloquine and sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine as intermittent preventive therapy for malaria among pregnant women with HIV.
Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM VIVAX. This form of malaria is less severe than MALARIA, FALCIPARUM, but there is a higher probability for relapses to occur. Febrile paroxysms often occur every other day.
A sulfone active against a wide range of bacteria but mainly employed for its actions against MYCOBACTERIUM LEPRAE. Its mechanism of action is probably similar to that of the SULFONAMIDES which involves inhibition of folic acid synthesis in susceptible organisms. It is also used with PYRIMETHAMINE in the treatment of malaria. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p157-8)
Vaccines made from antigens arising from any of the four strains of Plasmodium which cause malaria in humans, or from P. berghei which causes malaria in rodents.
A protozoan parasite that causes vivax malaria (MALARIA, VIVAX). This species is found almost everywhere malaria is endemic and is the only one that has a range extending into the temperate regions.
Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM. This is the severest form of malaria and is associated with the highest levels of parasites in the blood. This disease is characterized by irregularly recurring febrile paroxysms that in extreme cases occur with acute cerebral, renal, or gastrointestinal manifestations.
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