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Acute Cognitive and Neurobehavioral Intervention: Efficacy Evaluation

2014-08-27 03:49:31 | BioPortfolio

Summary

To learn more about behavior and everyday functioning after brain injury, and to learn if behavior and functioning gets better with more education about changes after brain injury.

Description

To evaluate the efficacy of the First Steps intervention for improving neurobehavioral functioning, functional status, and life satisfaction, and for increasing knowledge about TBI and compensatory strategies. The First Steps program was developed to address the neurobehavioral and emotional concerns of survivors of TBI during the course of inpatient rehabilitation. Program format and content reflects clinical experience and extensive research review. Input from survivors, family members, and rehabilitation staff trained in working with the TBI population has also helped shape the implementation protocol. The foundation of the protocol is a curriculum [Niemeier, J., Kreutzer, J., & Taylor, L. (2005). Acute cognitive and neurobehavioral intervention for individuals with acquired brain injury: Preliminary outcome data. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 15(2), 129-146.] The First Steps curriculum consists of ten lessons and was developed to address the common needs, issues, and concerns of TBI survivors admitted acutely for inpatient rehabilitation.

Study Design

Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Traumatic Brain Injury

Intervention

First Steps Educational Curriculum

Location

Virginia Commonwealth University
Richmond
Virginia
United States
23298

Status

Completed

Source

Virginia Commonwealth University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:49:31-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Prolonged unconsciousness from which the individual cannot be aroused, associated with traumatic injuries to the BRAIN. This may be defined as unconsciousness persisting for 6 hours or longer. Coma results from injury to both cerebral hemispheres or the RETICULAR FORMATION of the BRAIN STEM. Contributing mechanisms include DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY and BRAIN EDEMA. (From J Neurotrauma 1997 Oct;14(10):699-713)

A form of acquired brain injury which occurs when a sudden trauma causes damage to the brain.

Acute and chronic (see also BRAIN INJURIES, CHRONIC) injuries to the brain, including the cerebral hemispheres, CEREBELLUM, and BRAIN STEM. Clinical manifestations depend on the nature of injury. Diffuse trauma to the brain is frequently associated with DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY or COMA, POST-TRAUMATIC. Localized injuries may be associated with NEUROBEHAVIORAL MANIFESTATIONS; HEMIPARESIS, or other focal neurologic deficits.

Traumatic injuries to the cranium where the integrity of the skull is not compromised and no bone fragments or other objects penetrate the skull and dura mater. This frequently results in mechanical injury being transmitted to intracranial structures which may produce traumatic brain injuries, hemorrhage, or cranial nerve injury. (From Rowland, Merritt's Textbook of Neurology, 9th ed, p417)

Bleeding within the brain as a result of penetrating and nonpenetrating CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA. Traumatically induced hemorrhages may occur in any area of the brain, including the CEREBRUM; BRAIN STEM (see BRAIN STEM HEMORRHAGE, TRAUMATIC); and CEREBELLUM.

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