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Exercise and Flax-Based Nutritional Supplementation for Lowering Cholesterol

2014-08-27 03:49:35 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of our study is to use a flaxseed-based nutritional supplement in combination with exercise training (walking) for improving cholesterol levels. We hypothesize that exercise training will improve cholesterol profile and that adding supplementation with a flaxseed nutritional supplement will further improve cholesterol profile.

Description

Flax supplementation and exercise training each have small beneficial effects for improving blood lipid profile and reducing cardiovascular disease risk. Flax lignan, a phytoestrogen found in flaxseed is thought to be the active compound responsible for the cholesterol-lowering effect of flaxseed. Our purpose is to combine an exercise training program (walking) with flax lignan supplementation for improving blood lipid profile.

Comparisons: Walking (6 days per week) plus flax lignan (500 mg per day) compared to walking plus placebo.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Metabolic Syndrome

Intervention

Flax lignan, Exercise (walking)

Location

University of Saskatchewan
Saskatoon
Saskatchewan
Canada
S7N 5B2

Status

Completed

Source

University of Saskatchewan

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:49:35-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An activity in which the body advances at a slow to moderate pace by moving the feet in a coordinated fashion. This includes recreational walking, walking for fitness, and competitive race-walking.

Tapering-off physical activity from vigorous to light, to gradually return the body to pre-exercise condition and metabolic state.

ANGINA PECTORIS or angina-like chest pain with a normal coronary arteriogram and positive EXERCISE TEST. The cause of the syndrome is unknown. While its recognition is of clinical importance, its prognosis is excellent. (Braunwald, Heart Disease, 4th ed, p1346; Jablonski Dictionary of Syndromes & Eponymic Diseases, 2d ed). It is different from METABOLIC SYNDROME X, a syndrome characterized by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA, that has increased risk for cardiovascular disease.

A cluster of metabolic risk factors for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES and TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. The major components of metabolic syndrome X include excess ABDOMINAL FAT; atherogenic DYSLIPIDEMIA; HYPERTENSION; HYPERGLYCEMIA; INSULIN RESISTANCE; a proinflammatory state; and a prothrombotic (THROMBOSIS) state. (from AHA/NHLBI/ADA Conference Proceedings, Circulation 2004; 109:551-556)

The exercise capacity of an individual as measured by endurance (maximal exercise duration and/or maximal attained work load) during an EXERCISE TEST.

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Cholesterol
Cholesterol is a waxy steroid metabolite found in the cell membranes and transported in the blood plasma. It is an important structural component of mammalian cell membranes, where it is establishes proper membrane permeability and fluidity. Cholesterol ...


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