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The purpose of this study is to compare the performance of tuberculosis (TB) and childhood immunization programmes in primary care facilities participating in the South African national antiretroviral treatment programme with those which have yet to be included in the ART programme.
Large-scale public sector antiretroviral treatment programmes, like those planned for sub-Saharan Africa, will compete for scarce resources, in particular scarce human resources, with other priority primary care programmes like tuberculosis and childhood immunization.
This could lead to impaired performance in other priority programmes like childhood immunization while health workers are distracted by the demands of establishing and maintaining ART programmes. On the other hand, ART provisions may have positive spin-offs for related programmes like improved case detection of tuberculosis among HIV-positive patients seeking ART. The impact of the ART programme on primary healthcare more generally must be weighed against the benefits of providing antiretroviral treatment to those with AIDS.
Comparison: Primary care clinics in the Free State province, South Africa. 15 clinics participating in the first phases of the national ART programme will be compared with 24 clinics which have yet to be included in the national treatment programme. The unit of analysis will be the clinic although the outcome data will be collected from individual patients.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Public sector antiretroviral treatment programmes
University of Cape Town Lung Institute
University of Cape Town
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:48:04-0400
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An organizational enterprise between a public sector agency, federal, state or local, and a private sector entity. Skills and assets of each sector are shared to deliver a service or facility for the benefit or use of the general public.
A component of the private sector characterized by ease of entry; reliance on indigenous resources; family ownership; small scale operations; skills acquired outside of the formal sector; and unregulated markets.
The area of a nation's economy that is tax-supported and under government control.
Voluntary agencies concerned with prevention and treatment of tuberculosis.
The dormant form of TUBERCULOSIS where the person shows no obvious symptoms and no sign of the causative agent (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) in the SPUTUM despite being positive for tuberculosis infection skin test.
AIDS and HIV
AIDS; Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV; Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV infection causes AIDS. HIV infection also causes the production of anti-HIV antibodies, which forms the test for HIV in patients. People who have the HIV antibodies are ...
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