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The purpose of this study is to assess lung immune responses in patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) and in healthy control persons who are exposed to Mycobacterium tuberculosis in households of patients with TB or who are unexposed.
M. tuberculosis infects a third of the world's population, and TB is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality due to a single infectious agent. However, only 5% to 10% of M. tuberculosis-infected subjects without an underlying immunodeficiency develop disease during their lifetimes. Therefore protective immunity is induced in the majority of subjects. Understanding correlates of protection against M. tuberculosis in humans is needed to better direct efforts in the development of antituberculosis vaccines.
Patients are treated according to good clinical practice; however, no study medications are given as part of the research study. This study involves a one-time bronchoalveolar lavage and venipuncture to obtain immune cells for laboratory studies of immune responses.
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Bacille Calmette-Cuerin (BCG)
UMDNJ-New Jersey Medical School
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:49:42-0400
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The dormant form of TUBERCULOSIS where the person shows no obvious symptoms and no sign of the causative agent (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) in the SPUTUM despite being positive for tuberculosis infection skin test.
Tuberculosis of the brain, spinal cord, or meninges (TUBERCULOSIS, MENINGEAL), most often caused by MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS and rarely by MYCOBACTERIUM BOVIS. The infection may be limited to the nervous system or coexist in other organs (e.g., TUBERCULOSIS, PULMONARY). The organism tends to seed the meninges causing a diffuse meningitis and leads to the formation of TUBERCULOMA, which may occur within the brain, spinal cord, or perimeningeal spaces. Tuberculous involvement of the vertebral column (TUBERCULOSIS, SPINAL) may result in nerve root or spinal cord compression. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp717-20)
Pathological conditions of the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM caused by infection of MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS. Tuberculosis involvement may include the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
TUBERCULOSIS that involves any region of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, mostly in the distal ILEUM and the CECUM. In most cases, MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS is the pathogen. Clinical features include ABDOMINAL PAIN; FEVER; and palpable mass in the ileocecal area.
Tuberculosis of the mouth, tongue, and salivary glands.
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