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A Neuroimaging Investigation of Brain Activity in Major Depressive Disorder and Bipolar Disorder

2014-08-27 03:50:08 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This study employs functional magnetic resonance imaging to compare brain activation patterns during a depressive episode in patients diagnosed with bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder, and a group of healthy control subjects. Depressed patients will be treated with a combination of fluoxetine and olanzapine and undergo MRI scans before, during, and after pharmacotherapy.

Description

The purpose of this study is to further characterize the neural correlates of affective processing in BD and MDD subjects using fMRI. Subjects who meet criteria for a major depressive episode in the context of BD (n=15); MDD (n=15) and a group of psychiatrically unaffected control subjects (CS, n=15) will undergo four fMRI scans while experiencing a temporary mood induction through the presentation of affective imagery from the International Affective Picture System (IAPS). Both BD and MDD subjects will receive the same combination pharmacotherapy to treat the depression, with fMRI data acquired before, and 1, 3, 6 weeks following pharmacotherapy initiation. Positive, negative, and neutral affective visual stimuli will be presented in a blocked design.

Comparison(s): The effects of time and group will be analyzed in factorial models. Regions of interest that demonstrate significant group-by-time interactions will be further correlated with self-report and clinician-rated psychometric indices.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacodynamics Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Diagnostic

Conditions

Bipolar Disorder

Intervention

Fluoxetine, Olanzapine, Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Location

University Health Network - Toronto Western Division
Toronto
Ontario
Canada
M5T2S8

Status

Recruiting

Source

University Health Network, Toronto

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:50:08-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The use of molecularly targeted imaging probes to localize and/or monitor biochemical and cellular processes via various imaging modalities that include RADIONUCLIDE IMAGING; ULTRASONOGRAPHY; MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; fluorescence imaging; and MICROSCOPY.

A technique applicable to the wide variety of substances which exhibit paramagnetism because of the magnetic moments of unpaired electrons. The spectra are useful for detection and identification, for determination of electron structure, for study of interactions between molecules, and for measurement of nuclear spins and moments. (From McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, 7th edition) Electron nuclear double resonance (ENDOR) spectroscopy is a variant of the technique which can give enhanced resolution. Electron spin resonance analysis can now be used in vivo, including imaging applications such as MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING.

Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).

A type of MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING that uses only one nuclear spin excitation per image and therefore can obtain images in a fraction of a second rather than the minutes required in traditional MRI techniques. It is used in a variety of medical and scientific applications.

The creation of a visual display of the inside of the entire body of a human or animal for the purposes of diagnostic evaluation. This is most commonly achieved by using MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; or POSITRON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY.

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