Quality Initiative in Rectal Cancer (QIRC) Trial

2014-08-27 03:50:26 | BioPortfolio


The Quality initiative in rectal cancer (QIRC) trial will test if a strategy designed to positively influence surgeon practice can decrease hospital rates of permanent colostomy and local tumour recurrence for surgically treated rectal cancer patients.


Approximately 5000 Canadians are annually diagnosed with rectal cancer. For patients undergoing rectal cancer surgery two unfortunate outcomes are permanent colostomy and local tumor recurrence. Research demonstrates that in Ontario, Canada and other parts of the world the standard of care for rectal cancer surgery leaves room for improvement.

This is a multi-center trial that will test if a set of interventions designed to positively influence surgeon practice, titled the Quality Initiative in Rectal Cancer (QIRC) strategy, can improve rates of permanent colostomy and local tumour recurrence for surgically treated rectal cancer patients. Secondary outcomes to be assessed include sexual, bowel, and bladder function, and quality of life. The QIRC strategy consists of a workshop to discuss quality issues in rectal cancer, operative demonstration to demonstrate optimal surgical techniques, the use of opinion leaders, and a postoperative questionnaire designed to prompt surgeons to re-examine their key operative steps. The QIRC strategy is largely designed to teach total mesorectal excision, a new gold standard for rectal cancer surgery that has been shown in non-randomized studies to lower patient rates of permanent colostomy and local tumour recurrence.

Sixteen hospitals across the province of Ontario were allocated by cluster randomization to the QIRC strategy (experimental arm) versus minimal intervention (control arm). All hospitals are high-volume centres - an annual rectal cancer procedure volume of 15 or greater. Hospitals in the control arm represent the normal practice environment. Approximately 700 patients will be assessed. In addition to measuring rates of permanent colostomy and local recurrence of tumour, the study will examine bowel, bladder and sexual function, and overall quality of life among patients.

A positive trial – better results in hospitals that receive the intervention – may suggest that to effectively influence surgeon practice, resource intense approaches are necessary along with active buy-in from the surgical community.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Educational/Counseling/Training


Rectal Cancer


Quality Initiative in Rectal Cancer (QIRC) strategy


Active, not recruiting


McMaster University

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:50:26-0400

Clinical Trials [10366 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Quality of Life in Patients After Combined Modality Treatment of Rectal Cancer

The goal of this study is gathering informations about patients' quality of life after combined modality treatment of rectal cancer to evaluate how combined modality treatment for rectal c...

Rectal Cancer Staging Using Whole Body MR-PET

The purpose of this study is to measure the diagnostic performance of whole body (WB) MR-PET for staging rectal cancer, compared with current standard of care (chest/abdominopelvic CT and ...

Preoperative Chemoradiotheray for Rectal Cancer

Hypothesis - Pre operative radio-chemotherapy might be not mandatory to improve local recurrent rate and survival rate in the mid-lower rectal cancer patients with T3N0 clinical s...

Palliative Short-Course Radiotherapy in Rectal Cancer

Radiotherapy (RT) is a potentially effective method in the treatment of symptoms of rectal carcinomas. Nevertheless, almost all the evidences about palliative RT in rectal cancer have been...

Randomized Prospective Trial for Laparoscopic vs Open Resection for Rectal Cancer

The investigators designed the randomized prospective trial of comparing open and laparoscopic resection in locally advanced rectal cancer after preoperative chemoradiation in order to det...

PubMed Articles [26525 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

The Rectal Cancer Female Sexuality Score: Development and Validation of a Scoring System for Female Sexual Function After Rectal Cancer Surgery.

Sexual dysfunction and impaired quality of life is a potential side effect to rectal cancer treatment.

Improving the Quality of MRI Reports of Preoperative Patients With Rectal Cancer: Effect of National Guidelines and Structured Reporting.

Since the implementation of new guidelines for rectal cancer in The Netherlands in April 2014, clinical stage as seen at preoperative MRI indicates whether neoadjuvant therapy is necessary before rect...

Benchmarking rectal cancer care: institutional compliance with a longitudinal checklist.

In 2012, the American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons published the Rectal Cancer Surgery Checklist, a consensus document listing 25 essential elements of care for all patients undergoing radical...

LncRNA NKILA correlates with the malignant status and serves as a tumor-suppressive role in rectal cancer.

NF-κB interacting lncRNA (NKILA) has been found to function as a tumor-suppressive role in various human cancers. However, the role of NKILA in rectal cancer is still unknown. The objective of this s...

Outcomes of Local Excision plus Chemoradiotherapy in Patients with T1 Rectal Cancer.

The National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines recommend local excision and observation as standard treatment for selected patients with clinical T1N0M0 rectal cancer. In patients with pa...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Tumors or cancer of the RECTUM.

A cancer registry mandated under the National Cancer Act of 1971 to operate and maintain a population-based cancer reporting system, reporting periodically estimates of cancer incidence and mortality in the United States. The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program is a continuing project of the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health. Among its goals, in addition to assembling and reporting cancer statistics, are the monitoring of annual cancer incident trends and the promoting of studies designed to identify factors amenable to cancer control interventions. (From National Cancer Institute, NIH Publication No. 91-3074, October 1990)

A compound tubular gland, located around the eyes and nasal passages in marine animals and birds, the physiology of which figures in water-electrolyte balance. The Pekin duck serves as a common research animal in salt gland studies. A rectal gland or rectal salt gland in the dogfish shark is attached at the junction of the intestine and cloaca and aids the kidneys in removing excess salts from the blood. (Storer, Usinger, Stebbins & Nybakken: General Zoology, 6th ed, p658)

Protrusion of the rectal mucous membrane through the anus. There are various degrees: incomplete with no displacement of the anal sphincter muscle; complete with displacement of the anal sphincter muscle; complete with no displacement of the anal sphincter muscle but with herniation of the bowel; and internal complete with rectosigmoid or upper rectum intussusception into the lower rectum.

A deoxycytidine derivative and fluorouracil PRODRUG that is used as an ANTINEOPLASTIC ANTIMETABOLITE in the treatment of COLON CANCER; BREAST CANCER and GASTRIC CANCER.

More From BioPortfolio on "Quality Initiative in Rectal Cancer (QIRC) Trial"

Quick Search


Relevant Topics

  Bladder Cancer Brain Cancer Breast Cancer Cancer Cervical Cancer Colorectal Head & Neck Cancers Hodgkin Lymphoma Leukemia Lung Cancer Melanoma Myeloma Ovarian Cancer Pancreatic Cancer ...

Cancer Disease
Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for the organ or type of cell in which they start - for example, cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer; cancer th...

Head and neck cancers
Cancer can occur in any of the tissues or organs in the head and neck. There are over 30 different places that cancer can develop in the head and neck area. Mouth cancers (oral cancers)  - Mouth cancer can develop on the lip, the tongue, the floor...

Searches Linking to this Trial