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Association of Colorectal Cancer With Nutrition, Diet, Obesity, Diabetes Mellitus, and Genetic Alterations in Taiwan

2014-07-23 21:48:32 | BioPortfolio

Summary

We will explore the genetic (including APC, k-ras, p53, MSI, etc.) and environmental (including family history, life style, diet, nutritional status, DM, serum IGF-I, IGFBP-3, etc.) risk factors of colorectal tumorigenesis. We will accrue approximately 1000 patients as experimental group. The control group consists of 2000 individuals who were confirmed without colorectal cancer or polyps by colonoscopy. We estimated the statistical power of this study will reach more than 90%. In the second year, we will explore the association between various environmental risk factors with the epigenetic changes of various oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes. Firstly, we will study the correlation between hypermethylation of promoter region of hMLH1 gene with various environmental factors. Next, we will explore the genetic polymorphisms of promoter of E-cadherin gene. Recently, it has been reported that the C→A genetic polymorphism in the promoter region of E-cadherin gene in prostate cancer. Since this phenomenon has not been reported in colorectal cancer, it is mandatory for us to extend our research to the E-cadherin polymorphisms of colorectal cancer. Moreover, this project will focus on exploration of the association between the genetic polymorphisms of promoter of TS gene with chemosensitivity to 5-Fu-based therapy. We speculated that the better prognosis in colorectal tumors with MSI is related to their expression of TS gene. In summary, the second year of this project will extend our accumulated experience in the study of genetic polymorphisms to further clarify the association between genetic polymorphisms of TS gene with the prognosis of colorectal cancers after chemotherapy. We believe that this project will facilitate: (1) the further clarification of colorectal cancer tumorigenesis; (2) the establishment of domestic epidemiological data of colorectal cancer of Taiwan, and (3) the improvement of the quality of clinical management of patients with colorectal cancer.

Description

This is a two-year hospital-based case control study. In the fist year, we will set up solid database of our laboratory regarding the molecular genetics of colorectal cancer. We will explore the genetic (including APC, k-ras, p53, MSI, etc.) and environmental (including family history, life style, diet, nutritional status, DM, serum IGF-I, IGFBP-3, etc.) risk factors of colorectal tumorigenesis. During the whole 2-year period of this project, we will accrue approximately 1000 patients as experimental group. The control group consists of 2000 individuals who were confirmed without colorectal cancer or polyps by colonoscopy. We estimated the statistical power of this study will reach more than 90%. In the second year, we will explore the association between various environmental risk factors with the epigenetic changes of various oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes. It has been well known that epigenetic changes of various oncogene and tumor suppressor genes was related to the intrinsic and extrinsic environmental alterations. Firstly, we will study the correlation between hypermethylation of promoter region of hMLH1 gene with various environmental factors. Next, we will explore the genetic polymorphisms of promoter of E-cadherin gene. It has been well known that E-cadherin plays a major role in the maintenance of cellular structure. Recently, it has been reported that the C→A genetic polymorphism in the promoter region of E-cadherin gene in prostate cancer. The experimental method was feasible in our laboratory. Since this phenomenon has not been reported in colorectal cancer, it is mandatory for us to extend our research to the E-cadherin polymorphisms of colorectal cancer. Moreover, this project will focus on exploration of the association between the genetic polymorphisms of promoter of TS gene with chemosensitivity to 5-Fu-based therapy. Recent reports indicated that colorectal tumors with MSI have better prognosis. Moreover, some authors indicated that the genetic polymorphisms of TS genes was related to chemosensitivity. Therefore, we speculated that the better prognosis in colorectal tumors with MSI is related to their expression of TS gene. In summary, the second year of this project will extend our accumulated experience in the study of genetic polymorphisms to further clarify the association between genetic polymorphisms of TS gene with the prognosis of colorectal cancers after chemotherapy. We believe that this project will facilitate: (1) the further clarification of colorectal cancer tumorigenesis; (2) the establishment of domestic epidemiological data of colorectal cancer of Taiwan, and (3) the improvement of the quality of clinical management of patients with colorectal cancer.

Study Design

Observational Model: Case Control, Primary Purpose: Screening, Time Perspective: Longitudinal, Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Colorectal Cancer

Location

Department of Surgery, National Taiwan University Hospital, No.7, Chung-Shan South Road, Taipei, TAIWAN, R.O.C.
Taipei
Taiwan
100

Status

Recruiting

Source

National Taiwan University Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:48:32-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.

Tumor suppressor genes located in the 5q21 region on the long arm of human chromosome 5. The mutation of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (MCC stands for mutated in colorectal cancer).

Tumor suppressor genes located in the 18q21-qter region of human chromosome 18. The absence of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (DCC stands for deleted in colorectal cancer). The products of these genes show significant homology to neural cell adhesion molecules and other related cell surface glycoproteins.

A group of autosomal-dominant inherited diseases in which COLON CANCER arises in discrete adenomas. Unlike FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI with hundreds of polyps, hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal neoplasms occur much later, in the fourth and fifth decades. HNPCC has been associated with germline mutations in mismatch repair (MMR) genes. It has been subdivided into Lynch syndrome I or site-specific colonic cancer, and LYNCH SYNDROME II which includes extracolonic cancer.

Nuclear phosphoprotein encoded by the p53 gene (GENES, P53) whose normal function is to control CELL PROLIFERATION and APOPTOSIS. A mutant or absent p53 protein has been found in LEUKEMIA; OSTEOSARCOMA; LUNG CANCER; and COLORECTAL CANCER.

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