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Randall's Plaque Study: Pathogenesis and Relationship to Nephrolithiasis

2014-08-27 03:50:54 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Kidney stones are very common. They affect 3-5% of the population in the United States. Many people are hospitalized for the treatment of kidney stones and some may die. Better understanding of what causes kidney stones is useful in both the treatment and prevention of kidney stones. However, exactly what causes kidney stones is unknown.

The most common type of kidney stones contains calcium, which sometimes is attached to a part of the kidney important in producing the final urine, called the papilla. The investigators have noticed that persons who form kidney stones seem to have more papilla with stones attached. They propose to study these areas of the papilla, called Randall's plaques (named after their discoverer), in patients undergoing surgery for kidney stones.

Description

In order to attempt to explain the pathogenesis of renal calculi, the investigators videotape and document the location and characteristics of each stone, papillae and calyces. One or more small papillary biopsies are taken for analysis to help determine the point of origin of the kidney stone and histological studies are undertaken to determine tissue differences amongst different types of stone formers. Approximately one month after surgery, metabolic studies are undertaken to further review potential causes of stone formation.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Nephrocalcinosis

Intervention

videotape for mapping of renal anatomy and papillary biopsy

Location

Methodist Hospital
Indianapolis
Indiana
United States
46202

Status

Recruiting

Source

Indiana Kidney Stone Institute

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:50:54-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A condition characterized by calcification of the renal tissue itself. It is usually seen in distal RENAL TUBULAR ACIDOSIS with calcium deposition in the DISTAL KIDNEY TUBULES and the surrounding interstitium. Nephrocalcinosis causes RENAL INSUFFICIENCY.

A group of genetic disorders of the KIDNEY TUBULES characterized by the accumulation of metabolically produced acids with elevated plasma chloride, hyperchloremic metabolic ACIDOSIS. Defective renal acidification of URINE (proximal tubules) or low renal acid excretion (distal tubules) can lead to complications such as HYPOKALEMIA, hypercalcinuria with NEPHROLITHIASIS and NEPHROCALCINOSIS, and RICKETS.

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A genetic disorder characterized by excretion of large amounts of OXALATES in urine; NEPHROLITHIASIS; NEPHROCALCINOSIS; early onset of RENAL FAILURE; and often a generalized deposit of CALCIUM OXALATE. There are subtypes classified by the enzyme defects in glyoxylate metabolism.

Conducting a biopsy procedure with the aid of a MEDICAL IMAGING modality.

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