Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Brushite kidney stones are a unique form of calcium phosphate stones that have a tendency to recur quickly if patients are not aggressively treated with stone prevention measures. Little research has been undertaken to better understand the clinical history and potential urinary abnormalities that may predispose one to these troublesome kidney stones.
Multiple treatment options are available for the treatment of kidney or ureteral calculi. Treatment options include shock wave lithotripsy (SWL; shock waves are transmitted through the body wall and focused onto the stone to break the stone into gravel), percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL; a small flank incision is made and a telescope inserted into the kidney to allow stone fragmentation and removal from the patient), and ureteroscopic lithotripsy (URS; a small telescope is inserted into the ureter or kidney and a laser is used to break up the stone into gravel).
Brushite is a unique form of calcium phosphate kidney stone that often has sub-optimal stone fragmentation with shock wave lithotripsy (Heimbach et al, 1999). Due to its SWL resistance, brushite patients often undergo more invasive treatments such as URS or PNL to achieve a stone free status. Brushite patients often have multiple stones and have a high likelihood of developing recurrences (new stone formation or regrowth of existing stone fragments), often within the first year after surgery. These patients may also have a history of anatomical abnormalities of the urinary tract or a history of prior renal or ureteral surgery (Klee et al, 1991).
A thorough review of the clinical, radiological and metabolic data of brushite patients has the potential to clarify a number of important points. Many patients with brushite stones often have a history of non-brushite stones (e.g. calcium oxalate) predating the development of brushite stones and historical review is needed to define the factors contributing to this shift in stone composition. In addition, it has been shown that CT attenuation values can be used to predict stone composition (Joseph et al, 2002). As a result, it is crucial to review the radiologic appearance of known brushite stones to identify specific radiographic characteristics and possibly allow a radiographic diagnosis of brushite to be established. Finally, very little information has been reported on the urinary abnormalities in brushite patients. By carefully examining 24 hour urine data in a large population of brushite patients, information may be identified that can be used to provide improved management of specific abnormalities to prevent stone recurrences.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Retrospective
Indiana Kidney Stone Institute
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:50:54-0400
This is a randomized trial to determine the effect of a clinical decision support tool on image ordering for patients with suspected nephrolithiasis. Patients who present with acute unilat...
Gouty diathesis describes uric acid or calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis and low urinary pH (
Dental calculus is a calcified deposits firmly attached to teeth and implants surfaces. Dental calculus is strongly associated with periodontitis and considered to have indirect role in th...
In this pilot study, we wish to evaluate the performance of a robotic flexible ureteorscopy (ILY) in the treatment of nephrolithiasis in the superior excretory system
Kidney stones are one of the most common disorders of the urinary tract and cause a great deal of morbidity and economic loss. Because of the high recurrence rate, researchers are interest...
Although obesity is considered an independent risk factor of nephrolithiasis, little is known about the effect of obesity on nephrolithiasis according to metabolic health status. We investigated the a...
The nephrolithiasis has a multifactorial etiology resulting from the interaction of metabolic, genetic and environmental factors. Parameters such as nutrition and urinary osteopontin (OPN) level may a...
The objective of this study was to evaluate the risk of sialolithiasis in nephrolithiasis patients.
Imaging following surgical intervention for nephrolithiasis is important to define surgical success as well as to ensure no silent obstruction. We assessed nationwide post-surgical imaging patterns in...
Primary ureteroscopy for nephrolithiasis is often completed without prior ureteral stenting. However, failure can occur due to inability to access the stone, requiring ureteral stenting for passive di...
Formation of stones in the KIDNEY.
A chronic inflammatory condition of the KIDNEY resulting in diffuse renal destruction, a grossly enlarged and nonfunctioning kidney associated with NEPHROLITHIASIS and KIDNEY STONES.
A genetic disorder characterized by excretion of large amounts of OXALATES in urine; NEPHROLITHIASIS; NEPHROCALCINOSIS; early onset of RENAL FAILURE; and often a generalized deposit of CALCIUM OXALATE. There are subtypes classified by the enzyme defects in glyoxylate metabolism.
X-linked recessive NEPHROLITHIASIS characterized by HYPERCALCIURIA; HYPOPHOSPHATEMIA; NEPHROCALCINOSIS; and PROTEINURIA. It is associated with mutations in the voltage-gated chloride channel, CLC-5 (Dent Disease I). Another group of mutations associated with this disease is in phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate-5-phosphatase gene.
A group of genetic disorders of the KIDNEY TUBULES characterized by the accumulation of metabolically produced acids with elevated plasma chloride, hyperchloremic metabolic ACIDOSIS. Defective renal acidification of URINE (proximal tubules) or low renal acid excretion (distal tubules) can lead to complications such as HYPOKALEMIA, hypercalcinuria with NEPHROLITHIASIS and NEPHROCALCINOSIS, and RICKETS.
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) Erectile Dysfunction Urology Urology is the branch of medicine concerned with the urinary tract and diseases that affect it. Examples include urethritis, urethrostenosis and incontinence. Urology is a su...