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Selective COX-II Inhibitor as a Palliative Therapy in Patients With R1 or R2 Resection for Disseminated Stomach Cancer - A Multi-Centre Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial

2014-08-27 03:51:06 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of selective COX-II inhibitor in patients with regionally disseminated stomach cancer treated by palliative resection (so called R1 or R2 gastrectomy).

Description

Cyclo-oxygenase (COX) is a family of enzymes regulating the conversion of arachidonic acid to prostaglandins. COX-II is an inducible enzyme, which expresses excessively when there are stimuli such as inflammation or hypergastrinaemia. Up to 40% of patients with stomach cancer are found to have disseminated disease during surgical exploration. While palliative resection could offer a marginal benefit in the survival of these patients, almost all patients will die of progression of disease within a short time span. Palliative chemotherapy has been used in the past. However, there is no evidence that the chemotherapy can confer any survival advantages, and the side-effects and toxicity of the treatment may indeed compromise the quality of life of these patients. With a better understanding of the relation between COX-II and stomach cancer, it may be possible to suppress the progression of the residual cancer cells after the palliative resection by giving the patients selective COX-II inhibitors.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Cancer of Stomach

Intervention

Vioxx (Rofecoxib)

Location

Combined Gastro-intestinal Cancer Clinic
Hong Kong
China

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

Chinese University of Hong Kong

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:51:06-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

That portion of the stomach remaining after gastric surgery, usually gastrectomy or gastroenterostomy for cancer of the stomach or peptic ulcer. It is a common site of cancer referred to as stump cancer or carcinoma of the gastric stump.

Tumors or cancer of the STOMACH.

A condition where the stomach wall becomes thickened, rubbery and loses its ability to distend. The stomach assumes a "leather bottle" shape. It is most often seen in adenocarcinoma of the stomach. The term is often used synonymously with diffuse adenocarcinoma of the stomach.

A cancer registry mandated under the National Cancer Act of 1971 to operate and maintain a population-based cancer reporting system, reporting periodically estimates of cancer incidence and mortality in the United States. The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program is a continuing project of the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health. Among its goals, in addition to assembling and reporting cancer statistics, are the monitoring of annual cancer incident trends and the promoting of studies designed to identify factors amenable to cancer control interventions. (From National Cancer Institute, NIH Publication No. 91-3074, October 1990)

Pathological processes involving the STOMACH.

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