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Gemcitabine and Imatinib Mesylate as First-Line Therapy in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

2014-07-23 21:48:42 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as gemcitabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Imatinib mesylate may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving gemcitabine together with imatinib mesylate may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well giving gemcitabine together with imatinib mesylate works as first-line therapy in treating patients with locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

- Evaluate the time to progression in patients with locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer treated with gemcitabine hydrochloride and imatinib mesylate as first-line therapy.

Secondary

- Assess the response rate in patients treated with this regimen.

- Assess the percentage of patients treated with this regimen who survive 1 year or more.

- Assess the toxicity of this regimen in these patients.

- Assess the overall survival of patients treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, nonrandomized, open-label, uncontrolled study.

Patients receive gemcitabine hydrochloride IV over 120 minutes on days 3 and 10 and oral imatinib mesylate on days 1-5 and 8-12. Treatment repeats every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 3 months.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 42 patients will be accrued for this study.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Pancreatic Cancer

Intervention

gemcitabine hydrochloride, imatinib mesylate

Location

Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center at Northwestern University
Chicago
Illinois
United States
60611-3013

Status

Completed

Source

University of Medicine and Dentistry New Jersey

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:48:42-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A tyrosine kinase inhibitor and ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENT that inhibits the BCR-ABL kinase created by chromosome rearrangements in CHRONIC MYELOID LEUKEMIA and ACUTE LYMPHOBLASTIC LEUKEMIA, as well as PDG-derived tyrosine kinases that are overexpressed in gastrointestinal stromal tumors.

Tumors or cancer of the PANCREAS. Depending on the types of ISLET CELLS present in the tumors, various hormones can be secreted: GLUCAGON from PANCREATIC ALPHA CELLS; INSULIN from PANCREATIC BETA CELLS; and SOMATOSTATIN from the SOMATOSTATIN-SECRETING CELLS. Most are malignant except the insulin-producing tumors (INSULINOMA).

Star-shaped, myofibroblast-like cells located in the periacinar, perivascular, and periductal regions of the EXOCRINE PANCREAS. They play a key role in the pathobiology of FIBROSIS; PANCREATITIS; and PANCREATIC CANCER.

A 36-amino acid pancreatic hormone that is secreted mainly by endocrine cells found at the periphery of the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS and adjacent to cells containing SOMATOSTATIN and GLUCAGON. Pancreatic polypeptide (PP), when administered peripherally, can suppress gastric secretion, gastric emptying, pancreatic enzyme secretion, and appetite. A lack of pancreatic polypeptide (PP) has been associated with OBESITY in rats and mice.

Extracts prepared from pancreatic tissue that may contain the pancreatic enzymes or other specific uncharacterized factors or proteins with specific activities. PANCREATIN is a specific extract containing digestive enzymes and used to treat pancreatic insufficiency.

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