Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Acute hepatitis C is a liver disease related to a virus: hepatitis C virus (HCV). The type of Hepatitis C Virus present in Egypt (genotype 4), has the reputation to respond poorly to treatment at the chronic hepatitis stage. Without treatment, 85% of patients with acute hepatitis C become chronically HCV infected which means that the virus stays present in the body. Pegylated Interferon is a new form of Interferon that stays in the body for longer time and allows the patient to take less injection per week. It has also proved to be more effective than standard Interferon in treatment of chronic hepatitis C.
Egypt is the country with the highest HCV prevalence worldwide, and the number of infected Egyptians is estimated around 8 million. HCV incidence is high as well, and a typical hepatology department in Cairo diagnoses between 5 and 10 acute hepatitis C per month. The HCV genotype circulating in Egypt is genotype 4. This genotype has the reputation to respond poorly to treatment at the chronic hepatitis stage. It would therefore be interesting to assess the treatment efficacy at the acute stage. This study will evaluate the efficacy of pegylated interferon (peg-IFNα-2a) alone in Egyptian patients with acute hepatitis C.
The study primary objective is to evaluate the efficacy and tolerance of pegylated interferon (peg-IFNα-2a) alone in Egyptian patients with acute hepatitis C.
Methods: One arm clinical trial. Follow-up duration: 36 to 48 weeks depending on response to treatment.
Main inclusion criteria: ALT> 3*N; HCV RNA positive by PCR and negative HCV serology at first presentation or positive HCV serology with a clear and unique exposure within 2 months prior the acute hepatitis episode; no prior treatment with IFNα, peg-IFNα and ribavirin; signed informed consent.
Main exclusion criteria : Liver disease other than hepatitis C. Treatment strategy: Peg-IFNα-2a 180microg/week (subcutaneous injection) for 12 weeks. Patients with positive HCV RNA by qualitative PCR at the end of the 12 weeks treatment period will be offered to continue on the same regimen up to 24 weeks.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
pegylated interferon alpha2a
National Hepatology and Tropical Medicine Research Institute
French National Agency for Research on AIDS and Viral Hepatitis
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:51:20-0400
The purpose of this study is to determine the optimal treatment duration of antiviral therapy for chronic hepatitis B.
The purpose of this study is to determine if 24 weeks of treatment with Pegylated Interferon Lambda plus Ribavirin and 12 weeks of treatment with Pegylated Interferon Lambda plus Ribavirin...
Combination therapy with pegylated interferon-alpha plus ribavirin has greatly improved the treatment efficacy and is the mainstream of treatment for chronic hepatitis C infection. The eff...
This study is being conducted to compare the safety, effectiveness and tolerance of valopicitabine (NM283) when used alone and when valopicitabine is used together with pegylated interfero...
This study is being conducted in treatment-naive patients (no previous hepatitis C treatment) to evaluate the safety of valopicitabine (NM283) alone and together with pegylated interferon,...
Reduction of hepatitis B surface antigen in sequential versus add-on pegylated interferon to nucleoside/nucleotide analogue therapy in HBe-antigen-negative chronic hepatitis B patients: a pilot study.
Although pegylated-interferon (PEG-IFN) and nucleotide/nucleoside analogue (NA) combination therapy is considered to be optimal for accelerating serum hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) reduction, th...
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common cancers and the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in men worldwide. Surgical resection of HCC remains the mainstay treatment proced...
To investigate factors affecting relapse and remission in patients with Behçet uveitis (BU) in the context of using the interferon alpha2a (IFNα2a) therapy.
Licensed for chronic hepatitis C treatment in 2011, the protease inhibitors (PIs) telaprevir (TVR) and boceprevir (BOC), which have high sustained viral responses (SVR), ushered a new era characterize...
Risk of depression and suicide in patients on interferon remains also after the treatment, the pathogenesis of which is still unclear. We aimed to determine the influence of the PEG-IFN-α2a on trypto...
INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans due to infection by VIRUSES. There are several significant types of human viral hepatitis with infection caused by enteric-transmission (HEPATITIS A; HEPATITIS E) or blood transfusion (HEPATITIS B; HEPATITIS C; and HEPATITIS D).
A family of hepatotropic DNA viruses which contains double-stranded DNA genomes and causes hepatitis in humans and animals. There are two genera: AVIHEPADNAVIRUS and ORTHOHEPADNAVIRUS. Hepadnaviruses include HEPATITIS B VIRUS, duck hepatitis B virus (HEPATITIS B VIRUS, DUCK), heron hepatitis B virus, ground squirrel hepatitis virus, and woodchuck hepatitis B virus (HEPATITIS B VIRUS, WOODCHUCK).
Interferon secreted by leukocytes, fibroblasts, or lymphoblasts in response to viruses or interferon inducers other than mitogens, antigens, or allo-antigens. They include alpha- and beta-interferons (INTERFERON-ALPHA and INTERFERON-BETA).
A species in the genus HEPATOVIRUS containing one serotype and two strains: HUMAN HEPATITIS A VIRUS and Simian hepatitis A virus causing hepatitis in humans (HEPATITIS A) and primates, respectively.
INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by HEPATITIS DELTA VIRUS, a defective RNA virus that can only infect HEPATITIS B patients. For its viral coating, hepatitis delta virus requires the HEPATITIS B SURFACE ANTIGENS produced by these patients. Hepatitis D can occur either concomitantly with (coinfection) or subsequent to (superinfection) hepatitis B infection. Similar to hepatitis B, it is primarily transmitted by parenteral exposure, such as transfusion of contaminated blood or blood products, but can also be transmitted via sexual or intimate personal contact.
Astroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Barrett's Esophagus Celiac Disease Cholesterol Crohn's Disease Gastroenterology Hepatitis Hepatology Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Pancreatitis Peptic Ulcer Disease...
Hepatology is the study of liver, gallbladder, biliary tree, and pancreas, and diseases associated with them. This includes viral hepatitis, alcohol damage, cirrhosis and cancer. As modern lifestyles change, with alcoholism and cancer becoming more promi...
Antiretroviral Therapy Clostridium Difficile Ebola HIV & AIDS Infectious Diseases Influenza Malaria Measles Sepsis Swine Flu Tropical Medicine Tuberculosis Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic...