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Recent health policy documents have endorsed an integrated model of collaboration between pharmacists and physicians in primary care. The integration of pharmacists into primary care has been identified as a priority for primary health care reform in Canada. However, the best way to do this has not been demonstrated or evaluated. This demonstration project shows the various ways in which pharmacists can be trained and integrated into different family practice settings, the processes and costs associated with doing this, and the outcomes observed. The main hypothesis is that pharmacist integration into family practice will optimize medication use, clinical care and clinical outcomes. This information provides policy makers with necessary information about collaboration between pharmacists and family physicians for their overall goal of reforming the delivery of primary health care to the population.
The overall goal of IMPACT was to improve patient outcomes by optimizing drug therapy through a community practice model that integrates pharmacists into family practices.
This multi-site demonstration project involved 7 pharmacists, approximately 70 physicians and approximately 150,000 patients. Within each practice site, a pharmacist with special clinical training worked 2.5 days per week for 2 years and coordinated a multifaceted intervention aimed at optimizing drug therapy to improve patient outcomes (blood pressure, cholesterol, diabetes, pain control, constipation, etc.) The integrated pharmacist conducted patient assessments for medication problems, optimized office system medication management (e.g. develop process for handling of medication samples), and provided education (academic detailing ) focussed on key therapeutic areas. Pharmacists were provided with ongoing support from a training and mentorship program and the services of the Ontario Pharmacists’ Association Drug Information Centre.
The family physicians and other members of the practice worked closely with the pharmacist in implementing these strategic interventions. Family physicians from a range of practice models (Ontario Family Health Networks, Primary Care Networks, and other types of family physician group practices) participated in this project.
Quantitative and qualitative methods were used to evaluate the process of integration, pharmacist service uptake, drug-related patient outcomes, and the costs associated with program implementation for sustainability. The integration of the physicians and pharmacists at the practice sites were evaluated with the aim of generating a practical and transferable practice model. The main hypothesis was that pharmacist integration into family practice will optimize medication use, clinical care and clinical outcomes.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Educational/Counseling/Training
integration of pharmacist into primary care, optimizing therapeutic treatments, optimizing processes of care
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:51:21-0400
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