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This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of the combination of peginterferon alfa-2a plus ribavirin in treatment-naïve patients with HCV genotype 1b infection, compared with peginterferon alfa-2a monotherapy.
Additionally, the study evaluated the efficacy and safety of the combination of peginterferon alfa-2a plus ribavirin in patients with CHC who had failed to respond to previous conventional-interferon based therapy.
Treatment-naïve patients were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to 48 weeks of double-blind treatment with subcutaneous, once-weekly injections of 180 μg of peginterferon alfa-2a (40KD) plus either twice-daily oral ribavirin (600 to 1000mg/day) or placebo.
All patients who had received previous treatment with conventional interferon but had failed to respond (no suppression of HCV-RNA below detection limits of a sensitive assay) or had relapsed (reversion to HCV-RNA positive state after suppression) received the combination of peginterferon alfa-2a (40KD) plus ribavirin for 48 weeks at the dosages stated above.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Chronic Hepatitis C
peginterferon alfa-2a, rivavirin
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:51:55-0400
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INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans that is caused by HEPATITIS C VIRUS lasting six months or more. Chronic hepatitis C can lead to LIVER CIRRHOSIS.
INFLAMMATION of the LIVER with ongoing hepatocellular injury for 6 months or more, characterized by NECROSIS of HEPATOCYTES and inflammatory cell (LEUKOCYTES) infiltration. Chronic hepatitis can be caused by viruses, medications, autoimmune diseases, and other unknown factors.
INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by HEPATITIS DELTA VIRUS in conjunction with HEPATITIS B VIRUS and lasting six months or more.
A closely related group of antigens found in the plasma only during the infective phase of hepatitis B or in virulent chronic hepatitis B, probably indicating active virus replication; there are three subtypes which may exist in a complex with immunoglobulins G.
A defective virus, containing particles of RNA nucleoprotein in virion-like form, present in patients with acute hepatitis B and chronic hepatitis. It requires the presence of a hepadnavirus for full replication. This is the lone species in the genus Deltavirus.
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