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A Study of All-Trans Retinoic Acid (ATRA) and Bryostatin in Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) and Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS)

2014-08-27 03:52:14 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to assess the effects of the combination of all-trans retinoic acid in combination with one of two schedules of Bryostatin 1 in patients with myelodysplasia and acute myelogenous leukemia.

Description

All patients receive all-trans retinoic acid at a dose of 150 mg/m2/day and patients are randomized to one of two schedules of Bryostatin 1.

Arm 1: Bryostatin 1 is administered at a dose of 60 mcg/m2 as a 30 minute intravenous (IV) infusion on days 8 and 22.

Arm 2: Bryostatin 1 is administered at a dose of 40 mcg/m2 as a 72 hour IV infusion starting on days 8 and 22.

Patients are assessed for response on day +50 with a bone marrow examination and patients with either a clinical response or stable disease receive further therapy.

Bryostatin 1 pharmacokinetic samples are to be drawn on days 1, 8 and 50 of each cycle.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Acute Myelogenous Leukemia

Intervention

All-trans retinoic acid, Bryostatin 1

Location

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Boston
Massachusetts
United States
02115

Status

Completed

Source

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:52:14-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A cytochrome P450 enzyme that resides in the ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM. It catalyzes the conversion of trans-RETINOIC ACID to 4-hydroxyretinoic acid.

An important regulator of GENE EXPRESSION during growth and development, and in NEOPLASMS. Tretinoin, also known as retinoic acid and derived from maternal VITAMIN A, is essential for normal GROWTH; and EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT. An excess of tretinoin can be teratogenic. It is used in the treatment of PSORIASIS; ACNE VULGARIS; and several other SKIN DISEASES. It has also been approved for use in promyelocytic leukemia (LEUKEMIA, PROMYELOCYTIC, ACUTE).

Proteins in the nucleus or cytoplasm that specifically bind RETINOIC ACID or RETINOL and trigger changes in the behavior of cells. Retinoic acid receptors, like steroid receptors, are ligand-activated transcription regulators. Several types have been recognized.

Apolipoproteins and lipocalins that occur in HIGH-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS. They bind or transport lipids in the blood including sphingosine-1-phosphate, MYRISTIC ACID; STEARIC ACIDS; and ALL-TRANS RETINOIC ACID.

A subtype of RETINOIC ACID RECEPTORS that are specific for 9-cis-retinoic acid which function as nuclear TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS that regulate multiple signalling pathways.

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