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Improving Asthma Communication in Minority Families

2014-08-27 03:52:21 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine if teaching children with asthma how to talk to their doctor about controlling their asthma including symptom frequency in an asthma diary and medication use techniques, will result in less symptom and missed school days, fewer emergency room visits and reduce the cost of asthma health care.

Description

Children with persistent asthma are often not receiving regular preventive asthma care despite experiencing frequent asthma symptoms. When linked to timely and appropriate asthma medication use, good physician-parent-child communication is associated with a decrease in asthma morbidity and mortality. Removing obstacles to preventive asthma care and improving communication between the parent-children and PCP are two necessary prerequisites to improving asthma outcomes in low-income minority children.

We, the researchers at Johns Hopkins University, hypothesize that a culturally-tailored parent and child asthma communication intervention (ACI) designed to teach parent and child communication skills for use with their health care provider regarding asthma symptom severity, medication use, personal goal of treatment and quality of life issues will significantly reduce emergency room utilization for asthma care. We propose to compare this parent/child asthma communication intervention (ACI) to a developed standard asthma education intervention (SAE) designed to increase basic asthma self-management.

This study will advance nursing science by improving asthma self-management for school age children, who may be self-administering their asthma medications, yet not participate in receiving information or making their own medical decisions regarding their asthma. The proposed study is targeted at low-income minority school-aged children with evidence of poorly controlled, high-risk asthma. If successful, this intervention could have significant practical applications as a component of asthma nurse-case management, to practice currently being employed by many managed care groups across the country as an intervention for their high-risk/high ED use asthma patients. Because of the high prevalence and enormous health impact of asthma and the disproportionate asthma burden experienced by minority children, the outcome of the proposed study will have significant pediatric nursing applicability.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Investigator)

Conditions

Asthma

Intervention

Asthma Communication Education, Standard Asthma Education

Location

Johns Hopkins University
Baltimore
Maryland
United States
21287

Status

Completed

Source

National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:52:21-0400

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PubMed Articles [8663 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Asthma attacks caused, triggered, or exacerbated by OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE.

Asthma attacks following a period of exercise. Usually the induced attack is short-lived and regresses spontaneously. The magnitude of postexertional airway obstruction is strongly influenced by the environment in which exercise is performed (i.e. inhalation of cold air during physical exertion markedly augments the severity of the airway obstruction; conversely, warm humid air blunts or abolishes it).

Drugs that are used to treat asthma.

A beta-adrenergic agonist used in the treatment of asthma and bronchospasms.

A beta-2 adrenergic agonist used in the treatment of ASTHMA and BRONCHIAL SPASM.

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