Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
The incidence of type 2 diabetes is on the increase. According to recent Canadian Diabetes Association guidelines glucose control, based on the A1C measurement, needs to be achieved within a 6-12 month period of time after the initial diagnosis of type 2 diabetes. The guidelines on the use of antihyperglycemic agents identify the potential benefits of sub-maximal oral combination therapy in order to achieve more rapid and improved glycemic control compared with higher dose monotherapy. Furthermore, many patients on prolonged oral antihyperglycemic monotherapy who then start on combination therapy may not achieve the required target glycemic control. Indeed early initiation of combination therapies may be necessary to achieve and maintain glycemic targets because of the progressive deterioration of pancreatic β cell function and glycemic control.
AvandametTM combines two oral antihyperglycemic agents, rosiglitazone maleate and metformin hydrochloride, with different but complementary mechanisms of action to improve glycemic control while reducing circulating insulin levels in patients with type 2 diabetes. AvandiaTM and AmarylTM combine two antidiabetic agents, rosiglitazone maleate and glimepiride. Glimepiride is an effective antihyperglycemic agent which has a low incidence of hypoglycemia, symptomatic hypoglycemia, severe hypoglycemia, and confirmed hypoglycemia. Subjects in this study who are inadequately controlled on diet, exercise and a submaximal dose of metformin or SU will be randomized to either a combination of metformin plus rosiglitazone (AvandametTM) or a combination of AvandiaTM + AmarylTM or a Metformin monotherapy arm. As per the Canadian Diabetes Association guidelines, their fasting plasma glucose and A1C to be 7 (mmol/L/%) or less throughout the study. If the subject does not achieve the target then either AvandametTM or AvandiaTM and AmarylTM or Metformin will be up-titrated in an effort to reach this CDA recommended target. This study will attempt to demonstrate that the either combination arm of rosiglitazone plus metformin (AvandametTM) or the other combination arm of AvandiaTM + AmarylTM will provide greater glycemic control while avoiding the side-effects associated with the use of maximal dose metformin.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Avandia, Amaryl, Avandamet, Metformin
Canadian Heart Research Centre
Canadian Heart Research Centre
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:52:27-0400
This study was designed to test the safety and efficacy (how well it works) of AVANDAMET in combination with insulin in improving the control of blood sugar when compared with taking insul...
This 48-week study will compare AVANDAMET vs. Metformin monotherapy for blood glucose control in patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
This study compares the effects of Avandamet (rosiglitazone maleate/metformin) treatment and metformin plus sulphonylurea treatment in overweight people with type 2 diabetes.
This study will evaluate the longer-term glycemic effect of two medicines approved for initial treatment of type 2 diabetes. The study consists of a 2 week screening period (2 study visits...
The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy of Amaryl®M 1/500 mg twice daily versus Amaryl® 4 mg both in combination with Lantus® once-daily regimen in type 2 Diabetes Mellitu...
Metformin is recommended as the first-line treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Despite its common use, few studies have been conducted to precisely measure the efficacy of metformin versus placebo ...
Historically, metformin was withheld before surgery in fear of metformin associated lactic acidosis. Now, this risk is deemed low and guidelines move towards continuation of metformin. We hypothesized...
Metformin is the first line management for patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Metformin-induced lactic acidosis (MALA) is a severe side effect of metformin in high doses. However, there have no...
Endothelial dysfunction is involved in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance, diabetes mellitus type 2, diabetic complications and preceded clinical manifestation of cardiovascular complications. Inc...
Diabetes mellitus is associated with cognitive impairment which may convert to vascular or neurodegenerative dementia. Impairment of cognitive functions affects patients with type 1 and especially typ...
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
A biguanide hypoglycemic agent used in the treatment of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus not responding to dietary modification. Metformin improves glycemic control by improving insulin sensitivity and decreasing intestinal absorption of glucose. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p289)
The time period before the development of symptomatic diabetes. For example, certain risk factors can be observed in subjects who subsequently develop INSULIN RESISTANCE as in type 2 diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 2).
A pharmaceutical preparation of sitagliptin phosphate and metformin hydrochloride that is used in the treatment of TYPE 2 DIABETES.
A subtype of DIABETES MELLITUS that is characterized by INSULIN deficiency. It is manifested by the sudden onset of severe HYPERGLYCEMIA, rapid progression to DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS, and DEATH unless treated with insulin. The disease may occur at any age, but is most common in childhood or adolescence.