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Quality of Life in Patients Who Have Undergone Stem Cell Transplant

2014-08-27 03:52:35 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This study will evaluate the long-term functional status, psychosocial adjustment and quality of life of patients with different types of diseases and conditions who have had an allogeneic (donor) stem cell transplant. Information from this study may help patients and families know better what they may expect long-term after transplant and will help health care workers improve services to aid in patients' recovery.

People 18 years of age or older who have had an allogeneic stem cell transplant three or more years before the start of this study may be eligible to participate.

Participants complete a series of questionnaires once a year for three years. The questionnaires take about 40 minutes to complete and include information on patient demographics, patients' physical, social, and emotional functioning, spiritual well being, pain, mental health, general health, fatigue, and other areas of health-related quality of life. The questionnaires are completed at home or during normally scheduled follow-up visits to the NIH.

Description

Clinical research in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) documents improvements in disease free intervals, disease free survival, and the severity of treatment related toxicities. Those who survive, however, continue to experience side-effects and psychological difficulties for years following allogeneic HSCT. Long term complications occur as delayed effects of the conditioning regimen and the transplant as well as side effects from medications required to maintain the new donor-derived immune system. In addition to various biological complications, long-term effects on the psychological, social, physical, functional and symptoms experience (growth and limitations) have been documented.

Although some knowledge exists to help us understand the experience of various groups of allogeneic HSCT patients, the face of allogeneic transplant has changed considerably over the last five years and limits the application of existing reports. Patients with new types of diseases e.g. solid tumor and those who are older (greater than 55 years) and with more significant debilitation are undergoing allogeneic HSCT. It is important for patients and families to know the effects they can expect following an allogeneic transplant. This lack of clarity of the research limits our ability to focus future intervention studies to begin making a difference for patients at high risk for poor health outcomes following allogeneic HSCT.

Understanding of factors associated with variability in recovery following allogeneic HSCT can increase the likelihood that patients will ultimately return to a normal, productive life. Existing research regarding the recovery of adult survivors of allogeneic HSCT indicates that many patients experience difficulties in a variety of Health Related Quality of Life (HRQL) domains. A critical issue which has remained unexamined concerns the extent to which domains improve, remain static, or perhaps even deteriorates with the passage of time after allogeneic HSCT. Results will be discussed with respect to their implications for both the encouragement of realistic expectations for recovery following allogeneic HSCT as well as the development of intervention.

The long term goal of this study is to characterize longitudinally the functional health, psychosocial adjustment, HRQL and symptom experience associated with long term survival after allogeneic HSCT. This study has two specific aims:

1. To examine the functional status, psychosocial adjustment and HRQL of patients greater than or equal to 3 years following allogeneic HSCT.

2. To examine the symptom experience of patients greater than or equal to 3 years following allogeneic HSCT.

Data will be analyzed using methods of longitudinal analysis, such as the generalized estimating equations, mixed-effects models and growth mixture modeling to evaluate change over time for each outcome variable.

Study Design

N/A

Conditions

Stem Cell Transplantation

Location

National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda
Maryland
United States
20892

Status

Recruiting

Source

National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:52:35-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Transfer of HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS from BONE MARROW or BLOOD between individuals within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS). Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation has been used as an alternative to BONE MARROW TRANSPLANTATION in the treatment of a variety of neoplasms.

The transfer of STEM CELLS from one individual to another within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or between species (XENOTRANSPLANTATION), or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS). The source and location of the stem cells determines their potency or pluripotency to differentiate into various cell types.

The transference of BONE MARROW from one human or animal to another for a variety of purposes including HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION or MESENCHYMAL STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION.

Transfer of MESENCHYMAL STEM CELLS between individuals within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS).

Transplantation of stem cells collected from the peripheral blood. It is a less invasive alternative to direct marrow harvesting of hematopoietic stem cells. Enrichment of stem cells in peripheral blood can be achieved by inducing mobilization of stem cells from the BONE MARROW.

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