Topics

Evaluation of Chest Physiotherapy for Acute Bronchiolitis in Toddlers (BRONKINOU)

2014-07-23 21:51:08 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine whether chest physiotherapy with forced expiratory technique reduces delay of healing in acute bronchiolitis of children between 15 days and 24 months of age.

Description

Bronchiolitis is the most common lower respiratory infection in infants, and the respiratory condition leading to the majority of hospital admissions in young children. It is also probably the most common serious illness of childhood lacking evidence-based treatment. Evidence against the effectiveness of chest physiotherapy with vibration and postural drainage techniques has been described but forced expiratory technique, as described in France, has never been evaluated.

The investigators hypothesised that forced expiratory technique was able to reduce the duration of respiratory distress.

Comparison(s): The investigators compare physiotherapy with forced expiratory techniques to simple aspiration of naso-pharyngeal secretions.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Viral Bronchiolitis

Intervention

Chest Physiotherapy with Forced Expiratory Technique, Nasopharyngeal Aspiration

Location

Jean Verdier Hospital
Bondy
France
93140

Status

Completed

Source

Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:51:08-0400

Clinical Trials [1446 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Effect of High Frequency Chest Wall Oscillation Vests on Spirometry Measurements

The impact of high-frequency chest wall oscillation therapy on spirometry values (Forced Expiratory Volume, Forced Vital Capacity, Peak Expiratory Flow, Forced Expiratory Flow and Tidal Vo...

Effect of HFCWO Vests on Spirometry Measurements

The impact of high-frequency chest wall oscillation therapy on spirometry values (Forced Expiratory Volume, Forced Vital Capacity, Peak Expiratory Flow, Forced Expiratory Flow and Tidal Vo...

Slow Expiratory Technique to Improve Alimentation in Children With Bronchiolitis

The purpose of this study is to determine wether a single chest physiotherapy session with slow expiratory technique (SET) improves infants with viral bronchiolitis quality of life (food i...

Forced Oscillation Technique (FOT) and Expiratory Flow Limitation (EFL)

The aim of this study is to distinguish COPD patients with expiratory flow limitation in body plethysmography (open loop) from the patients without expiratory flow limitation in body pleth...

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Effects on Pulmonary Functions

Prospective analysis included patients, 18 years or older, scheduled for 60 daily HBOT sessions between 2016-2018. Each session was 90 min of 100% oxygen at 2 ATA with 5 minutes air breaks...

PubMed Articles [6137 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Chest physiotherapy for pneumonia in children.

Pneumonia is a lung infection that causes more deaths in children aged under five years than any other single cause. Chest physiotherapy is widely used as adjuvant treatment for pneumonia. Physiothera...

Regurgitation and pulmonary aspiration during cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with a laryngeal tube: A pilot crossover human cadaver study.

High-quality chest compressions are imperative for Cardio-Pulmonary-Resuscitation (CPR). International CPR guidelines advocate, that chest compressions should not be interrupted for ventilation once a...

Spirometry: basic concepts.

Spirometry is a pulmonary function test that allows screening, diagnosis and monitoring of respiratory diseases. This is a simple, non-invasive test that is easy to perform. By quantifying the respira...

Force and Aspiration on Catheters Utilized in the ADAPT Technique in Acute Ischemic Stroke: A Bench Top Analysis.

Given the high morbidity and mortality of stroke, there remains a demand for techniques that provide rapid and safe intervention while improving time to recanalization. The direct aspiration first-pas...

Comparison of impulse oscillometry and spirometry for detection of airway hyperresponsiveness to methacholine, mannitol, and eucapnic voluntary hyperventilation in children.

Forced expiratory maneuvers are usually difficult in young children. Impulse oscillometry (IOS) requires no active cooperation, is noninvasive, rapid, and easy to perform. This study aimed to compare ...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The rate of airflow measured during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination.

Measure of the maximum amount of air that can be expelled in a given number of seconds during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination . It is usually given as FEV followed by a subscript indicating the number of seconds over which the measurement is made, although it is sometimes given as a percentage of forced vital capacity.

Forced expiratory effort against a closed GLOTTIS.

Curves depicting MAXIMAL EXPIRATORY FLOW RATE, in liters/second, versus lung inflation, in liters or percentage of lung capacity, during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination. Common abbreviation is MEFV.

Measurement of the maximum rate of airflow attained during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination. Common abbreviations are PEFR and PFR.

More From BioPortfolio on "Evaluation of Chest Physiotherapy for Acute Bronchiolitis in Toddlers (BRONKINOU)"

Quick Search

Relevant Topics

Pediatrics
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...

Respiratory
Asthma COPD Cystic Fibrosis Pneumonia Pulmonary Medicine Respiratory Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are any infection of the sinuses, throat, airways or lungs.  They're usually caused by viruses, but they can also ...

Infectious-diseases
Antiretroviral Therapy Clostridium Difficile Ebola HIV & AIDS Infectious Diseases Influenza Malaria Measles Sepsis Swine Flu Tropical Medicine Tuberculosis Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic...


Searches Linking to this Trial