Genistein in Patients Who Are Undergoing Surgery for Bladder Cancer

2014-08-27 03:53:03 | BioPortfolio


RATIONALE: Studying samples of blood, urine, and tissue from patients with cancer in the laboratory may help doctors learn more about changes that may occur in DNA and identify biomarkers related to cancer. It may also help doctors learn how genistein or placebo works in patients with bladder cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial is studying genistein or placebo to compare how they work in patients who are undergoing surgery for bladder cancer.




- Compare the effect of genistein vs placebo on epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) phosphorylation, as measured by immunohistochemistry, in patients undergoing surgical resection for bladder cancer.


- Measure tissue intermediate endpoint biomarkers, such as EGFR mutations (EGFR vIII, exon 19-21), Ki67, activated caspase 3, Akt, P-Akt, MAP kinase, P-MAP kinase, COX-2, survivin, and BLCA-4, in tumor tissue and adjacent and remote normal urothelium.

- Determine survivin and BLCA-4 levels in urine specimens as surrogate tumor markers.

- Compare the safety of genistein vs placebo in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, placebo-controlled, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to invasiveness of disease (non-invasive [stage Ta, Tis, or T1] vs invasive [stage T2, T3, or T4]). Patients are randomized to 1 of 3 treatment arms.

- Arm I: Patients receive oral genistein twice daily for approximately 14-30 days.

- Arm II: Patients receive oral genistein as in arm I but at a higher dose.

- Arm III: Patients receive oral placebo twice daily for approximately 14-30 days.

One day after completion of genistein or placebo, all patients undergo cystoscopic excision, transurethral resection of the bladder tumor, or cystectomy.

Patients undergo blood, urine, and tissue sample collection for pharmacogenomic, pharmacokinetic, and biomarker laboratory studies. Blood and urine samples are collected at baseline, after 1 week of treatment, and at the time of surgery for pharmacokinetic and urine biomarker (survivin and BLCA-4) studies. Pharmacogenomic studies (epidermal growth factor receptor [EGFR] polymorphisms and CYP3A 4/5 genotypes) are performed at baseline using blood samples. Tissue biomarker (EGFR polymorphism, EGFR mutations [EGFR vIII, exon 19-21], EGFR, phosphorylated EGFR, Ki67, activated caspase 3, Akt, P-Akt, MAP kinase, P-MAP kinase, COX-2, survivin, and BLCA4) studies using tumor tissue and adjacent and remote normal urothelium are performed at baseline and at the completion of treatment.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 60 patients (20 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 1 year.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Primary Purpose: Treatment


Bladder Cancer


genistein, placebo


Orange County Urology Associates, Incorporated
Laguna Hills
United States




University of Wisconsin, Madison

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:53:03-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Tumors or cancer of the URINARY BLADDER.

A HERNIA-like condition in which the weakened pelvic muscles cause the URINARY BLADDER to drop from its normal position. Fallen urinary bladder is more common in females with the bladder dropping into the VAGINA and less common in males with the bladder dropping into the SCROTUM.

Involuntary discharge of URINE as a result of physical activities that increase abdominal pressure on the URINARY BLADDER without detrusor contraction or overdistended bladder. The subtypes are classified by the degree of leakage, descent and opening of the bladder neck and URETHRA without bladder contraction, and sphincter deficiency.

An abnormal passage in the URINARY BLADDER or between the bladder and any surrounding organ.

Blocked urine flow through the bladder neck, the narrow internal urethral opening at the base of the URINARY BLADDER. Narrowing or strictures of the URETHRA can be congenital or acquired. It is often observed in males with enlarged PROSTATE glands.

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