Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
To conduct epidemiological, laboratory, and survey research on volunteer blood donors within the United States to ensure the safety and availability of the United States' blood supply.
REDS-I was established to address important blood safety issues involving human retroviruses. On July 17, 1989 the NHLBI awarded contracts to five major blood centers and a coordinating center to develop a major multicenter epidemiologic study of the human retroviruses HIV-1, HIV-2, HTLV-I, and HTLV-II in volunteer U.S. blood donors. The original mission of REDS-I was to initiate and facilitate investigations of human retroviruses in volunteer blood donors from areas of the country at varying risk for HIV. During the course of the project, NHLBI expanded the original REDS-I mission to investigate critical questions posed by the blood banking and transfusion medicine communities that were essential to ensuring an adequate blood supply without compromising blood safety. The overall REDS-I program includes epidemiologic, laboratory, and clinical investigations, and provides a comprehensive framework for monitoring U.S. blood donations, and more recently transfusion recipients, for infectious disease markers. The operational and database structure of REDS-I, specifically designed to study U.S. blood safety and availability, has also provided a framework for rapid analytical response to other research questions of significant importance to the safety of the blood supply. Since its inception, investigators have made major contributions in assessing: the risk of contracting transfusion-transmitted infectious agents; HIV and HCV test screening; donor characteristics and behaviors; and ways of reducing HIV risk from transfusion. REDS-I investigators work closely with the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and Office of the Secretary, Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) to provide data and analyses for important policy decisions. Liaisons with test manufacturers have enabled the rapid study of test procedures of critical importance to blood safety and availability.
The objectives of the Retrovirus Epidemiology Donor Study-II (REDS-II) are to conduct epidemiological, laboratory, and survey research on volunteer blood donors within the United States to ensure the safety and availability of the United States' blood supply. This includes monitoring known blood-borne infectious agents, rapidly evaluating the impact of emerging pathogens, assessing the safety implications of changes in laboratory and/or blood donor screening protocols and examining blood supply and availability issues. Addressing issues concerned with the safety and availability of the United States' blood supply will be the cornerstone of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's Retrovirus Epidemiology Donor Study. These issues include: a) the risks of transfusion-transmissible infections and their trends through time--these include infectious agents currently undergoing laboratory screening as well as new and emerging agents such as West Nile Virus (WNV) which is about to be screened for in the U.S. under experimental protocols; b) ways to reduce the risks of transfusion-transmissible infections; c) HIV, HTLV, HCV, and HBV test screening methodologies; d) donor characteristics, behaviors, and donation return patterns of U.S. blood donors; and e) the effectiveness and safety of various strategies implemented to increase the U.S. blood supply.
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:53:52-0400
To evaluate factors influencing the risk of transfusion-transmitted human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and its progression to clinically significant manifestations.
To determine the effectiveness of efforts to eliminate the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) from whole blood and blood components in the blood supply.
A Study to Evaluate the Safety and Effectiveness of Epoetin Alfa in AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) Patients With Anemia Caused Both by Their Disease and by AZT (Zidovudine, an Antiviral Drug) Given as Treatment for Their Disease
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of epoetin alfa versus placebo for the treatment of anemia in AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) patients with ...
A Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Epoetin Alfa Versus Placebo for the Treatment of Anemia in AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) Patients With Anemia Caused by the Disease and by Zidovudine (AZT) Therapy
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of epoetin alfa versus placebo in AIDS patients for the treatment of anemia that is a result of the disease or a resul...
This study will identify genetic factors associated with the development of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). PML...
The aim of this study was to characterize human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS)-related knowledge and stigma among methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) patients a...
People with the human immunodeficiency virus (PWHIV) have improved survival because of the advent of antiretroviral therapy. Consequently, PWHIV experience higher rates of non-acquired immunodeficienc...
World AIDS Day, observed each year on December 1, draws attention to the status of the human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) epidemic worldwide. Today, approximate...
Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis are life-threatening blistering drug reactions with high incidence of ocular sequela. The term 'Epidermal Necrolysis' has been recently used to ...
To present our experience in the treatment of children with acquired Brown syndrome by means of intratrochlear injection of betamethasone.
Species of the genus LENTIVIRUS, subgenus primate immunodeficiency viruses (IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUSES, PRIMATE), that induces acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in monkeys and apes (SAIDS). The genetic organization of SIV is virtually identical to HIV.
An acquired defect of cellular immunity associated with infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), a CD4-positive T-lymphocyte count under 200 cells/microliter or less than 14% of total lymphocytes, and increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections and malignant neoplasms. Clinical manifestations also include emaciation (wasting) and dementia. These elements reflect criteria for AIDS as defined by the CDC in 1993.
Acquired defect of cellular immunity that occurs naturally in macaques infected with SRV serotypes, experimentally in monkeys inoculated with SRV or MASON-PFIZER MONKEY VIRUS; (MPMV), or in monkeys infected with SIMIAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS.
Acquired defect of cellular immunity that occurs in mice infected with mouse leukemia viruses (MuLV). The syndrome shows striking similarities with human AIDS and is characterized by lymphadenopathy, profound immunosuppression, enhanced susceptibility to opportunistic infections, and B-cell lymphomas.
Acquired defect of cellular immunity that occurs in cats infected with feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and in some cats infected with feline leukemia virus (FeLV).
AIDS and HIV
AIDS; Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV; Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV infection causes AIDS. HIV infection also causes the production of anti-HIV antibodies, which forms the test for HIV in patients. People who have the HIV antibodies are ...