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Hyperthermia, Radiation Therapy, Surgery, and Optional Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Soft Tissue Sarcoma of the Limbs

2014-07-23 21:51:54 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Hyperthermia therapy kills tumor cells by heating them to several degrees above body temperature. Using MRI to measure heat may help to determine the effectiveness of hyperthermia therapy. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as ifosfamide and doxorubicin, work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining hyperthermia with radiation therapy and chemotherapy before surgery may kill more tumor cells and shrink the tumor so that it can be removed.

PURPOSE: This phase I/II trial is studying the side effects of hyperthermia when given together with radiation therapy and optional chemotherapy and to see how well they work in treating patients who are undergoing surgery for soft tissue sarcoma of the limbs.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

- Determine the feasability and accuracy of real time magnetic resonance-based non-invasive thermometry in patients with grade 2 or 3 soft tissue sarcoma of the extremity receiving combination hyperthermia, radiotherapy, surgery, and optional high-dose ifosfamide and doxorubicin.

Secondary

- Determine the local control, disease-free survival, and overall survival of patients treated with this regimen.

- Determine acute and late toxic effects of this regimen in these patients.

- Correlate measurements of tumor physiology, defined by gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging, magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and tumor oxygenation, with clinical and/or pathological response and/or metastatic potential in patients treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: Patients may receive high-dose ifosfamide IV continuously over 6 days (144 hours). Beginning 3 weeks after the completion of ifosfamide, patients undergo radiotherapy once daily, 5 days a week, for 5 weeks. Beginning 1 hour after radiotherapy, patients also undergo hyperthermia (with heat measured by conventional and magnetic resonance-based thermometry) over 1-2 hours once weekly for 5 weeks. Approximately 4 weeks after the completion of radiotherapy and hyperthermia, patients undergo surgery. Approximately 1 month after surgery, patients may then receive high-dose doxorubicin IV once every 4 weeks for 4 courses.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 10-30 patients will be accrued for this study within 2-6 years.

Study Design

Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Sarcoma

Intervention

doxorubicin hydrochloride, ifosfamide, adjuvant therapy, conventional surgery, hyperthermia treatment, neoadjuvant therapy, radiation therapy

Location

Duke Comprehensive Cancer Center
Durham
North Carolina
United States
27710

Status

Recruiting

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:51:54-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Drug therapy given to augment or stimulate some other form of treatment such as surgery or radiation therapy. Adjuvant chemotherapy is commonly used in the therapy of cancer and can be administered before or after the primary treatment.

Radiotherapy given to augment some other form of treatment such as surgery or chemotherapy. Adjuvant radiotherapy is commonly used in the therapy of cancer and can be administered before or after the primary treatment.

Preliminary cancer therapy (chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone/endocrine therapy, immunotherapy, hyperthermia, etc.) that precedes a necessary second modality of treatment.

Combined chemotherapy and radiotherapy given to augment some other form of treatment such as surgery. It is commonly used in the therapy of cancer.

Therapeutic practices which are not currently considered an integral part of conventional allopathic medical practice. They may lack biomedical explanations but as they become better researched some (PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES; DIET; ACUPUNCTURE) become widely accepted whereas others (humors, radium therapy) quietly fade away, yet are important historical footnotes. Therapies are termed as Complementary when used in addition to conventional treatments and as Alternative when used instead of conventional treatment.

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