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Acupuncture for Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

2014-07-24 14:33:09 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine whether acupuncture is effective in reducing the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

Description

IBS is a disorder that affects colon functioning. Although it does not cause permanent harm or lead to more serious conditions, IBS can cause a great deal of discomfort and distress. The effectiveness of acupuncture in treating various conditions has been investigated in numerous studies. However, little is known about acupuncture's efficacy in treating IBS. This study will determine whether acupuncture can alleviate the symptoms of IBS, including pain relief with defecation, changes in stools, and changes in the frequency of bowel movements.

Participants in this study will be randomly assigned to receive bi-weekly sessions of either active or placebo acupuncture or no treatment for 6 weeks. Study visits will occur at study start, Week 3, and Week 6 (study completion). At each study visit, blood collection will occur to measure levels of cortisol, a stress hormone associated with IBS. Participants will also complete questionnaires about their IBS symptoms. Selected participants will be interviewed at each visit, in order to determine whether participants' interpretations and understanding of IBS influences their response to treatment. Any subject who does not receive active acupuncture during the trial is eligible for 6 free acupuncture treatments after the study is over.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Intervention

Acupuncture

Location

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, General Clinical Research Center
Boston
Massachusetts
United States
02215

Status

Completed

Source

National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:33:09-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Chronic or recurrent colonic disorders without an identifiable structural or biochemical explanation. The widely recognized IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME falls into this category.

A disorder with chronic or recurrent colonic symptoms without a clearcut etiology. This condition is characterized by chronic or recurrent ABDOMINAL PAIN, bloating, MUCUS in FECES, and an erratic disturbance of DEFECATION.

A subspecies of Bifidobacterium longum that occurs in the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT of human infants and is used as a PROBIOTIC. It may also be used in the treatment of IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME.

A type of massage in which finger pressure on specific body sites is used to promote healing, relieve fatigue, etc. Although the anatomical locations are the same as the ACUPUNCTURE POINTS used in ACUPUNCTURE THERAPY (hence acu-), no needle or other acupuncture technique is employed in acupressure. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed). Shiatsu is a modern outgrowth that focuses more on prevention than healing.

Analgesia produced by the insertion of ACUPUNCTURE needles at certain ACUPUNCTURE POINTS on the body. This activates small myelinated nerve fibers in the muscle which transmit impulses to the spinal cord and then activate three centers - the spinal cord, midbrain and pituitary/hypothalamus - to produce analgesia.

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