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The purpose of this study is to compare the safety and efficacy of daptomycin, an antibiotic, to standard therapy in subjects who have infective endocarditis or bacteremia due to Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus).
Even with prompt treatment, Staphylococcus aureus Infective Endocarditis (IE) continues to be associated with significant morbidity and mortality indicating a need for new therapeutic approaches. In vitro, daptomycin is rapidly bactericidal, with concentration-dependent killing, and MIC90 of 0.5 g/ml for S. aureus; in clinical studies, daptomycin appears to be well tolerated and can be administered once every 24 hours by i.v. infusion. These characteristics suggest it should be clinically and microbiologically effective in the treatment of serious S. aureus infections, including IE and bacteremia
Comparison: standard of care (Vancomycin or Semi-synthetic Penicillin with adjunct gentamicin)
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Published on BioPortfolio: 2010-07-15T17:00:00-0400
The overall goals of this study are to compare the safety and efficacy of daptomycin monotherapy 10 mg/kg/day and vancomycin monotherapy dosed to achieve vancomycin trough levels of 15 to ...
The aim of this study is to determine the safety and efficacy of daptomycin when used as an adjuvant agent to standard care in the treatment of proven native valve Enterococcal endocarditi...
multicenter, randomized, double blind study to describe the safety and efficacy of daptomycin (6 mg/kg q24h) with and without concomitant initial gentamicin combination therapy in the trea...
Daptomycin is a new antimicrobial agent which has activity against resistant Gram positive cocci including MRSA. The phase 3 clinical trials for skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) with...
The purpose is to exam prospective if simple clinical information in combination with a normal s-procalcitonin are sufficient for exclusion of infective endocarditis (IE).
Daptomycin is a phosphatidylglycerol specific, calcium dependent membrane-active antibiotic that has been approved for the treatment of Gram-positive infections. A recent Bacillus subtilis study found...
Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) are important nosocomial pathogens. Invasive VRE infections are difficult to treat since common therapeutic options including ampicillin and glycopeptides often ...
Vancomycin-resistant enterococci are important pathogens for healthcare-associated infections. Although linezolid is bacteriostatic and daptomycin is rapidly bactericidal against vancomycin-resistant ...
To compare daptomycin exposures and predicted safety outcomes with a simulated weight-based and fixed dose in morbidly-obese and non-obese subjects METHODS: We performed a nonparametric population pha...
Daptomycin has been recognized as a therapeutic option for the treatment of bone and joint infection (BJI). Gene polymorphism of ABCB1, the gene encoding P-glycoprotein (P-gp), may influence daptomyci...
ENDOCARDIUM infection that is usually caused by STREPTOCOCCUS. Subacute infective endocarditis evolves over weeks and months with modest toxicity and rare metastatic infection.
A species of Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic spherical or rod-shaped bacteria indigenous to dental surfaces. It is associated with PERIODONTITIS; BACTERIAL ENDOCARDITIS; and ACTINOMYCOSIS.
A species of Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic spherical or rod-shaped bacteria indigenous to oral cavity and pharynx. It is associated with BACTERIAL ENDOCARDITIS; and MENINGITIS.
Method of measuring the bactericidal activity contained in a patient's serum as a result of antimicrobial therapy. It is used to monitor the therapy in BACTERIAL ENDOCARDITIS; OSTEOMYELITIS and other serious bacterial infections. As commonly performed, the test is a variation of the broth dilution test. This test needs to be distinguished from testing of the naturally occurring BLOOD BACTERICIDAL ACTIVITY.
A circumscribed collection of purulent exudate in the brain, due to bacterial and other infections. The majority are caused by spread of infected material from a focus of suppuration elsewhere in the body, notably the PARANASAL SINUSES, middle ear (see EAR, MIDDLE); HEART (see also ENDOCARDITIS, BACTERIAL), and LUNG. Penetrating CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA and NEUROSURGICAL PROCEDURES may also be associated with this condition. Clinical manifestations include HEADACHE; SEIZURES; focal neurologic deficits; and alterations of consciousness. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp712-6)